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  • 英语一
  • 温州医科大学继续教育学院

     

     

    英语练习册

     

    (专升本)

     

     

     

     

    模拟试题及答案………………………………………1

    第一册练习题及答案……………………………………9

    第二册练习题及答案……………………………………56


    专升本英语模拟试卷

    I. Vocabulary and Structure 20%

    1. He is responsible for the ___________ of the atomic bomb.

     A. discovery    B. invention    C. nutrition    D. distribution

    2. Since they did not prepare well, the meeting was badly _______ and some students left before it was over.

     A. organized    B. organization    C. organizing    D. organ

    3. We did not feel the response was ________ and asked for more information.

     A. satisfied    B. satisfy    C. satisfactory    D. unsatisfied

    4. This research team has found a new ____________ for cancer.

     A. treatment    B. treat    C. cure    D. curable

    5. The museum is famous for its fine ___________ of paintings.

     A. connection    B. connect    C. collection    D. collect

    6. She began to ________ songs at an early age.

     A. impose    B. pose    C. propose    D. compose

    7. In less-developed countries, child welfare services may ________ only to keeping children alive.

     A. imply    B. reply    C. apply    D. rely

    8. I cant move the piano without __________.

     A. resistance    B. assistance    C. existence    D. dependence

    9. Having studied business at college and knowing two foreign languages, my secretary is perfectly ______ for her job.

     A. persistent    B. competent    C. compete    D. correspondent

    10. We cant afford to fall ______ our competitors in using new technology.

     A. in    B. apart    C. behind    D. over

    11. He can not manage a small shop, ______ a big company.

     A. much less    B. less much    C. much more    D. even more

    12. With its excellent researchers and first-class labs, only Beijing University is able to ______ the required research.

     A. overtake    B. undertake    C. bear    D. remain

    13. In order to meet the demands of quality education, China should introduce more choice and ______ into the education system.

     A. variety    B. vary    C. diverse    D. diversity

    14. ______ his brother, John has gone to the party held by the Fine Arts Association once a year.

     A. And    B. Beside    C. Together with    D. Except

    15. My figuring was wrong because I ______ one tiny point.

     A. overviewed    B. outlooked    C. overlooked    D. oversaw

    16. They hoped to be able to move into their new house at the end of the month, but things did not ______ as they had expected.

     A. work out    B. work on    C. work off    D. work over

    17. His income was never ______ small ______ support his family.

     A. sothat    B. too that    C. tooto    D. so to

    18. The president has good control of ______ affairs, but many people think that he does not have enough control in the area of foreign affairs.

     A. cosmetic    B. plastic    C. realistic    D. domestic

    19. Dont ______ too much work at once, or you will make yourself too tired.

     A. take in    B. take on    C. take off    D. take over

    20. ______ you never lose heart, no difficulty is too great to triumph over.

     A. As far as    B. So long as    C. As long as    D. So far as

     

    II. Reading Comprehension 30%

    Passage 1

        Someone said to a man, Travel and see the world. He answered, Why should I? People are the same everywhere. They are born. They are babies. They are children. They are adults. They grow old. They die. They have the same feelings. They feel love and hate, happiness and sadness, security and fear, pride and shame. That is why I do not want to travel. I can learn everything here. Im going to stay home.

        The man was right. He was also wrong. People are the same, but people are also different. They all have the same pattern of lifebirth, youth, old age, death. But these stages of life have different values in different cultures. Also, while all people have the same feelings, the causes of these feelings are different. A situation that may bring happiness in one place may not bring happiness in another place.

        For example, in many countries old age is a happy time. Young people in these countries show respect to the old people. In Korea, old people are honored and respected. When they are too old to live alone, they live with a son, daughter, or other relatives. When they become sixty-one years old, it is a very happy and important event. There is a big party with many guests. They receive many gifts. When people reach this time in life, the attitudes of their family and their community change toward them. Everyone looks forward to this time.

        In the United States, it is quite different for old people Most old people do not live with their children or relatives. For many North Americans, old age is not a happy time. Most North Americans want to stay young. They try to act like young people as long as possible. They even try to speak the language of the young. They do not like to grow old because they will not get honor or respect or attention. Also, businesses do not want old people to work for them. So, old people usually live alone and they do not have many things to do. Old age can be a sad and lonely time for them.

    21. The reason why the man did not have the intention of traveling was that __________.

    A. he thought he already knew about people in other places

    B. he was too old to travel any more

    C. he could not understand people in other countries since he was deaf

    D. he preferred to stay home to enjoy his leisure time

    22. Which of the following statements is NOT true?

    A. People all over the world are the same, but they are also different.

    B. Different values are reflected in different stages of life in different cultures.

    C. People react differently to the same situation.

    D. The reasons for the same feelings are also the same in different cultures.

    23. In Korea, people _____________.

    A. think being young is the same as being old

    B. are afraid of old age

    C. are longing for old age

    D. value their youth most

    24. Compared with American old people, the old in Korea ________.

    A. enjoy living alone and supporting themselves

    B. can led an honored and respected life

    C. can cat like the young

    D. are not respected and do not receive due attention

    25. The word businesses in Paragraph 4 means _____________.

    A. managers

    B. consumers

    C. shops or factories

    D. busy people

     

    Passage 2

    The traditional American Thanksgiving Day celebration goes back to 1621. In that year a special feast(节日)was prepared in Plymouth, Massachusetts. The colonists who had settled there had left England because they felt denied of religious freedom. They came to the new land and faced difficulties in coming across the ocean. The ship which carried them was called the Mayflower. The North Atlantic was difficult to travel. There were bad storms. They were assisted in learning to live in the new land by the Indians who habited the region. The puritans, as they were called, had much to be thankful for. Their religious practices were no longer a source of criticism by the government. They learned to adjust their farming habits to the climate and soil. When they selected the fourth Thursday of November for their Thanksgiving celebration, they invited their neighbors, the Indians, to join them in dinner and a prayer of gratitude for the new life. They recalled the group of 102men, women, and children who left England. They remembered their dead who did not live to see the shores of Massachusetts. They reflected on the 65 days journey which tested their strength.

    26. Why had the settlers left England?

    A. Because of religious problems.

    B. To establish a new religion.

    C. To learn farming.

    D. Because of the Indians.

    27. The Indians had ______.

    A. made life difficult for them

    B. helped them to adjust

    C. taken their land

    D. been too afraid to talk to them

    28. The climate and soil in Massachusetts are ______.

    A. similar to that of England

    B. different from that of England

    C. similar to that of Plymouth

    D. different from that of Plymouth

    29. They gave thanks while remembering ______.

    A. the new society of Indians

    B. their friends who did not live to see the new land

    C. their former religion

    D. to invite the Indians

    30. They invited the Indians to dinner in order to ______.

    A. show their gratitude

    B. teach them how to cook

    C. feed the hungry Indians

    D. avoid the celebration

     

    Passage 3

    When we speak of a basic human need we mean something which is necessary to life, something we can not possibly do without. Food is a basic human need. Without it we would starve to death; but even if we have plenty of food, but of the wrong kind, our bodies will suffer from a lack of the right food. This is known as malnutrition(营养不良).

    In primitive countries, people want only the foods which can be grown near their homes, whereas we eat foods which are often grown many thousands of miles away from our homes. Just think of the different types of meat we eat: beef, mutton, pork, chicken, turkey, goose, and rabbits. We could manage on a diet of one kind of meat, but how monotonous(单调的)it would become! Even turkey, which most of us eat only at Christmas, would become monotonous if we ate it every day.

    Yet we can not live on meat alone, and need other foods like bread and fruit to provide us with the other essential nutrients which we need to keep our bodies healthy.

    We can agree with primitive man that food is a basic need, but we differ from him in our food wants because of the wide variety of food we have available compared with him; we have a wider choice. Take fruit for example, not only can we enjoy the fruits grown in this country, but because of modern methods of transport and food preservation, we can also enjoy the more exotic(外来的)fruits from countries thousands of miles away, whereas primitive man is limited in his choice to the kinds of fruit which actually grow where he lives.

    However they differ in satisfying their hunger, primitive and civilized men both experience the basic need for food.

    The same is true of the second of our human needs. Clothing is necessary to regulate the heat of our bodies. Since we live in a temperate climate we need more clothes than people living in tropic conditions. Likewise, our clothing needs to change with seasons.

    Shelter, the third of our needs, depends upon the climate, the skill of the builder, ones social position, and the materials available. The simple shelter of the aboriginal(土著的) would not do for us, and yet it satisfies his needs. The three-bedroomed suburban house of the average family would not be grand enough for a rich family, and yet the modern house contains many of the material comforts which were denied to the kings and queens of old times.

    31. What is malnutrition?

    A. It is having no food at all.

    B. It is not having enough of any kind of food.

    C. It is not having the kinds of food necessary for health.

    D. It is being hungry.

    32. With regard to food, how are civilized people different from primitive people?

    A. They eat more food than primitive people do.

    B. They eat a great variety of food.

    C. They eat only foods grown in other countries.

    D. They eat a lot of food that is very expensive.

    33. In which regions do people have to wear the warmest clothing?

    A. They need to do so in tropic regions.

    B. They need to do so in temperate regions.

    C. They need to do so in polar regions.

    D. They need to do so in countries like India and Indonesia.

    34. Why would people in advanced societies not be satisfied with the simple shelter of the aboriginal?

    A. It does not give them adequate protection against the wind, rain and sun.

    B. It is not designed and furnished in the way they want their homes to be.

    C. It is constructed by an unskilled builder.

    D. It is not spacious enough for them to live in.

    35. What would be the best title for this passage?

    A. Food, Clothing and Shelter.

    B. Food --- a Basic Need.

    C. Material Comforts.

    D. Human Needs.

     

    III. Cloze 10%

    When you read a story in English, do you read it for the story or for the English? This is a question that is not so (36) as it may seem. For I find that many students of English pay (37) more attention to the story than to the English. They read and enjoy and for a long time afterwards (38) the story, but do not care to study the use of words and (39) in it. For instance, they cherish the memory of how the (40) eternal triangle is solved, but do not remember a single sentence in the story and can not tell what (41) is used before or after a certain word in the speech of a certain (42).

    Of course, it is all right to read and enjoy and remember a story, and (43) one wants to know the story only, one need not bother about the language. But the case is quite different (44) a student of English. I mean a student of English (45) from a student of stories or what is called the general reader.

    36. A. clever      B. foolish      C. smart      D. ignorant

    37. A. much       B. even       C. for        D. quite

    38. A. remember   B. forget       C. retell      D. sum up

    39. A. contents     B. contexts     C. phrases    D. terms

    40. A. myth       B. instruction    C. mercy     D. mystery

    41. A. negotiation  B. instruction    C. objection   D. preposition

    42. A. character    B. discussion    C. topic      D. point

    43. A while        B. so long as    C. before     D. for

    44. A. from        B. in           C. with      D. of

    45. A. varies      B. suffers       C. results     D. differs

     

    IV. Complete each of the following sentences with the proper form of the word given in brackets. 10%

    46. (create)          The child is so _________ that he always comes up with some unusual ideas.

    47. (manage)        The __________ of living resources requires a high degree of international cooperation and a willingness on the part of nations to agree to some forms of international control.

    48. (fashion )        The West End is considered the ________ end of London.

    49. (press)          All the men were under heavy ________ working day and night.

    50. (major)          He thinks the time has come to improve the conditions of the __________ of the people.

    51. (resist)         By determined attacks they broke down the enemys _____.

    52. (indicate)        She gave no ___________ as to where the various elements for tea were to be found.

    53. (dental)         Our ________ does not hurt when he pulls out teeth.

    54. (surround)      How my teacher would teach any youngster in such ___________ is a complete mystery to me.

    55. (treat)        A _______ service offers opportunities for specialized advice and health education.

     

    V. Translation 30%

    56. Hard work isn’t the whole story either. Some of these high-achieving students actually put in fewer hours than their lower-scoring classmates. The students at the top of the class get there by mastering a few basic techniques that others can easily learn. Here, according to education experts and students themselves, are the secrets of A students.

    57. Blind and black and poor — what kind of a life could this new infant have? In her wildest dreams, Mrs. Morris could never have imagined that her new baby would become a famous musician called Stevie Wonder. At the time, all she could do was pray — and worry.

    58. This explains why it can be so difficult to get a western-style discussion going with Japanese students of English. Whenever I serve a volleyball, everyone just stands back and watches it fall. No one hits it back. Everyone waits until I call on someone to take a turn. And when that person speaks, he doesn't hit my ball back.

    59. 据史密斯教授说,幸福就是你能充分利用你所有的一切。

    60. 你是怎样设法说服这些学生修读快速阅读课的?

    61. 小女孩的歌声给老人带来了欢乐,帮助他忍受住种种生活 的艰辛。

    62. 母亲即使做梦也没想到她的儿子会成为一名世界著名的钢琴家。

    63. 司机应对这次事故负责。他的车撞倒了一棵树和一个骑车的人。

     

    答案

    I. Vocabulary & Structure 20%

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    6

    7

    8

    9

    10

    B

    A

    C

    A

    C

    D

    C

    B

    B

    C

    11

    12

    13

    14

    15

    16

    17

    18

    19

    20

    A

    B

    D

    C

    C

    A

    C

    D

    B

    C

    II. Reading Comprehension 30%

    21

    22

    23

    24

    25

    26

    27

    28

    29

    30

    31

    32

    33

    34

    35

    A

    D

    C

    B

    C

    A

    B

    B

    B

    A

    C

    B

    C

    B

    D

    III. Cloze 10%

    36

    37

    38

    39

    40

    41

    42

    43

    44

    45

    B

    A

    A

    C

    D

    D

    A

    B

    C

    D

     

    IV. Complete each of the following sentences with the proper form of the word given in brackets. 10%

    46. creative     47. management    48. fashionable    49. pressure

    50. majority     51. resistance      52. indication     53. dentist

    54. surroundings  55. treatment

     

    V. Translation  30%


    专升本英语练习题(第一册)

    Unit 1

    I. Complete each of the following sentences with the proper form of the word given in brackets.


    1. (eager)

     

     

    2. (frustrate)

     

     

    3. (correct)

     

    4. (communicate )

     

    5. (forget)

     

    6. (wonder)

     

    7. (continue)

     

    8. (like)

     

    9. (active)

     

    10. (instruct)

     

    We knew by the boys ________ to start that they were looking forward to an exciting holiday

    _________ by his father in regard to his wish to become a doctor made the young man very unhappy.

    He slept in class, so he answered the teachers question ___________.

    Speech and writing are mans most important methods of _____________.

    We went to a beautiful town and spent an _______ day.

    What a ___________ party it has been ! Ive enjoyed every minute of it.

    Language is a living and __________ changing thing.

    This book is quite ___________ anything Ive ever read before

    He has many __________ that take up his time when hes not working.

    When the visitor entered the classroom, the pupils were being ____________ in drawing.


    II.

    A. There are four pairs words below that are easy to use incorrectly. Fill in the blanks in Column A with these words with the help of the corresponding meanings given in column B.

        require          request        eager        anxious

        continual        continuous     opportunity    chance

     

           A                       B


    1. (           )    

    ask sb. in a polite way to do sth.


     (           )

    2. (           )  

     (           )

    demand that you must do sth.

    worried or afraid

    full of interest or desire


    3. (           )    

     (           )

     

    4. (           )

     

     (           )

     

    Continuing without stop

    repeated, frequent (often annoying or undesirable actions)

    a fortunate or lucky time when you can do sth.

    a suitable time to do sth.

     


    B. Fill in the sentences with the proper form of these words.


    1. She was tired of the _______ noise of the clock while she was trying to sleep.

    2. __________ plays a big part in many board games.

    3. Now she was back, and she was _________ to see her friends.

    4. We were in Paris for two days, so we took the __________ of visiting the Louvre.

    5. Visitors are kindly ________ not to touch the paintings when they are in the art museum.

    6. She is _________ to know the results of the examination.

    7. After three days of _________ travel, they arrived in Tibet.

    8. The police __________ the traveler to unlock his case.

     

    III. Reading comprehension

    Passage 1

        Many teachers believe that the responsibility for learning lies with students. If a long reading assignment is given, instructors expect students to be familiar with the information in the reading even if they do not discuss it in class or give an examination. (Courses are not designed merely for students to pass exams.) The ideal student is considered to be one who is encouraged to learn for the purpose of learning, not the one interested only in getting high grades. Some students may be frustrated with teachers who do not believe it is necessary to grade every assignment. Sometimes homework is returned with short written comments but without a grade. Even if a grade is not given, students should learn the material assigned.

        When research is assigned, the professor expects students to begin and to complete the assignment with minimum instruction. It is the students responsibility to find books and articles in the library. Professors do not have the time to explain how a university library works; they expect students, especially graduate students (研究生)to be able to find what they need in the library.

        Professors will help students who need it, but prefer that their students not depend on them too much. This is different from teacher-student relationships in other countries. In the United States, professors have other duties in addition to teaching. Often they do some administrative (行政的)  work within their departments. In addition, they may be required to write articles and books. Therefore, the time that a professor can spend with a student outside of class is limited. If a student has problems with classroom work, the student should either ask a professor for help during office hours or make an appointment (预约).

    1. What does the author mean by saying that Courses are not designed merely for students to pass exams?

    A. Students study hard only for exams.

    B. Teachers think it necessary for their students to fail exams.

    C. Teachers think that the only purpose of studying hard is to pass exams.

    D. The purpose of designing courses is not only for passing exams.

    2. According to the 2nd paragraph, students in the United States should ___________.

    A. depend more on themselves than on professors

    B. plan their time and sequence their work

    C. always follow the professors advice

    D. find a suitable place for studying

    3. If students need the advice of their teachers, they should _________.

    A. put forward their questions in class

    B. go to their teachers office

    C. find some excuses to see teachers at home

    D. turn to their teachers during the break

    4. Students who _________ in the United States are considered good ones.

    A. pay more attention to good scores

    B. have the desire to learn by themselves

    C. are good at learning words by heart

    D. know much about computers

    5. American professors may be required to spend more of their time ____________.

    A. knowing what is on their students mind

    B. helping students finish their assignments

    C. writing articles

    D. instructing students research

     

    Passage 2

        This is not the world we know. This world is controlled by computers. Men and women can be seen, but they are following orders given to them by machines. The machines were designed by mad scientists, but at some point even the mad scientists were taken over by their super-inventions (超级发明).

        Does this sound familiar? You have probably read something like it in magazines or books, or seen it in a film. Why is it so popular? One of the reasons is that it reflects the fears of many people; fear of the unknown, fear of what is not understood or, at least, fear of something that is not completely understood.

        The fact is that every day it seems that computers take control of another area of our lives. Some factory jobs are now done by robots (机器人) and the robots are controlled by computers. Our bank accounts (账户,户头) are managed by computers. At the airport, our tickets are sold by a computer. Certainly, many of these operations are made more efficient (高效率的) by computers, but our admiration is sometimes mixed with unsafe feelings. And this lack of safety is caused by the fact that we do not know how computers do these things, and we really dont know what they might do next.

        But we can find out how computers work, and once we understand them, we can use computers instead f worrying about being used by them. Today, there is a new generation of computer wizards (奇才) who know exactly hw computers set things done. These young men and women, usually university students, are happy to sit for hours, sometimes for days, designing programs, not eating ,not sleeping, but discovering what can be done by these wonderful slaves which they have learned to control. These computer wizards have learned to use the computer and search for new tasks for their machines.

    1. We can know that the scientists who designed the machines _________.

    A. are careless in their daily life

    B. are unkind and cruel

    C. are out of their mind

    D. have great abilities

    2. The reason why many people are afraid of computers is that _________.

    A. they dont know anything about computers

    B. they havent really understood computers

    C. there are so many computer games

    D. computers are often down

    3. The author mentions computer wizards in order to point out that ___________.

    A. computers can be controlled by man

    B. there should be more people devoted to computers

    C. only young people are interested in computers

    D. more time and energy is required to control computers

    4. This passage is probably written to suggest that __________.

    A. some day computers can deal with all human problems

    B. computers can be used in place of traveling to our jobs

    C. people should not fear computers

    D. computer technology will not meet peoples needs in various situations

    5. The authors attitude (态度) towards widely used computers is ____________.

    A. positive       B. anxious     C. worried     D. curious

     

    Unit 2

    I. Complete each of the following sentences with the proper form of the word given in brackets.


    1. (thorough)     The girl was praised for cleaning the room ______.

    2. (music)       Even great _________ require continuous practice.

    3. (favor)        One of my ________ sentences is: There is no smoke without fire.

    4. (health)        That book is not _________ reading for children.

    5. (use)          We tried all sorts of medicine but they were all __________.

    6. (power)       When the jazz musicians played for outdoor dancing in the park, they were ______ enough to attract all the dancers from another park.

    7. (wake)         The children are still ______, waiting for their mother to come back.

    8. (enter)         ___________ into college was a great event in his life.

    9. (feel)          She experiences a ________ of quiet happiness.

    10. (usual)        We _________ go to Japan for our holidays, but this year we are staying at home.

     

    II.

    A. There are four pairs words below that are easy to use incorrectly. Fill in the blanks in Column A with these words with the help of the corresponding meanings given in column B.


      usual       ordinary        grab          catch

      loud        aloud          alone         lonely

          A                   B

    1. (          )       that happens most often

     (          )       not different or special

    2. (          )       take sth. quickly and roughly, esp. for a

    selfish reason

     (          )       take sth. that is moving and hold it with the hands

    3. (          )       in a voice that may be heard

     (          )       in a way producing much noise, easily heard

    4. (          )       sad, unhappy because one lacks friends or companions

     (          )       without others

     

    B. Fill in the sentences with the proper form of these words.

    1. First I read the poem to myself and then ________ to the class.

    2. We will meet at the ______ time.

    3. I shall have a companion in the house because I feel so ________ sometimes.

    4. Around the street corner, the thief just _________ the bag from my hand and ran off.

    5. Do not talk so _________; someone may hear you.

    6. Simon was wearing a suit, but I was in my ________ clothes.

    7. I am anxious about leaving the baby __________ in the house.

    8. If you run after two fish, you will ________ neither.


     


    III. Reading comprehension

    Passage 1

        How often one hears children wishing they were grown up, and old people wishing they wee young again. Each age has its pleasures and its pains, and the happiest person is the one who enjoys what each age gives him without wasting his time in useless regrets.

        Youth is a time when there are few tasks to make life difficult. If a child has good parents, he is fed, looked after and loved whatever he may do. It is impossible that he will ever again in his life be given so much without having to do anything in return. In addition, life is always presenting new things to the child-things that have lost their interest for older people because they are too well-known. But a child has pains: he is not so free to do what he wishes to do; he is continually being told not to do things, or being punished for what he has done wrong.

        When the young man starts to earn his own living, he can no longer expect others to pay for his food, his clothes, and his room, but has to work if he wants to live comfortably. If he spends most of his time playing about in the way that he used to as a child, he will go hungry. And if he breaks the laws of society as he used to break the laws of his parents, he may go to prison. If, however, he works hard, keeps out of trouble and has good health, he can have the great happiness of building up for himself his own position in society.

    1. People can experience happiness if they _________.

    A. always think of the past and regret it

    B. value the present

    C. are no longer young

    D. become old and have much experience

    2. When people were young, they used to _________.

    A. be in charge of many businesses

    B. have few things to think about and take on

    C. look after their younger sisters and brothers

    D. face a lot of difficulties

    3. The pains of children lie in the fact that _________.

    A. no one helps them make right decisions

    B. they are often beaten by their parents

    C. they can not be accepted and praised by others

    D. they are not allowed to do what they like to do

    4. Children are usually happy because __________.

    A. old people lose interest in them

    B. they are free to do wrong

    C. they are familiar with everything going on around them

    D. things are new to them

    5. Which of the following is NOT needed for a young man to be happy?

    A. Hard work.

    B. Being free from troubles.

    C. Wealth.

    D. Health.

     

    Passage 2

        A few years ago it was common to speak of a generation gap between young people and their elders. Parents said that children did not respect and listen to them, while children said that their parents did not understand them at all. What had gone wrong? Why had the generation gap suddenly appeared? Actually, the generation gap has been around for a long time. Many people argue that it is built into every part of our society.

        One important cause of the generation gap is the opportunity that young people have to choose their own ways of life In a more traditional (传统的) society, when children grow up, they are expected to live in the same area as their parents, to marry people that their parents know and like, and often to continue the family jobs. In our society, young people often travel great distances for their education, move out of the family at an early age, marry or live with people whom their parents have never met, and choose jobs different from those of their parents.

        In our society, parents often expect their children to do better than they did, to find better jobs, to make more money and to do all the things that they were unable to do. Often, that is another cause of the gap between them. Often, they discover that they have very little in common with each other.

        Finally, the speed at which changes take place in our society is the third cause of the gap between the generations. In a traditional culture, senior people are valued for their knowledge, but in our society the knowledge of a lifetime may become out of date. The young and the old seem to live in two very different worlds, separated by different skills and abilities. No doubt, the generation gap will continue in American life for some time to come.

    1. The first paragraph tells us that ___________.

    A. the problem of the generation gap draws much attention from people

    B. it is out of date to talk about the generation gap

    C. children and parents are trying to understand each other

    D. it is very important for people to frequently communicate with each other

    2. In a more traditional society, old people _____________.

    A. have their children respect and listen to them

    B. do not care for their children at all

    C. expect their children to rebel against them

    D. do not live together with their children

    3. In American society young people ________.

    A. do not need to find jobs

    B. marry people younger than them

    C. have better education than their parents

    D. leave home at an early age

    4. Which of the following is NOT the cause of the generation gap?

    A. Young people like to depend more on themselves.

    B. Parents do not love their children dearly.

    C. American society changes rapidly.

    D. Parents expect too much of their children.

    5. The main idea of the passage is ____________.

    A. that the generation gap needs considering

    B. when the generation gap is necessary in American society

    C. why the generation gap exists

    D. how we can reduce the generation gap

     

    Unit 3

    I. Complete each of the following sentences with the proper form of the word given in brackets.


    1. (patient)      Youll need ________ if you want to be served in this shop.

    2. (amaze)       Visitors are often ____________ to discover how little the town has changed.

    3. (complain)     If your neighbors are too noisy then you have cause for __________.

    4. (envy)        She will always be _________ of her sisters beauty.

    5. (reluctant)      She made a great show of _______, but finally accepted our offer.

    6. (worthy)       He felt himself quite _________ of her.

    7. (difference)     How __________ life is today than what it was fifty years ago.

    8. (own)          The peasants were told that they were the rightful _________ of the lands.

    9. (severely)       It was hot a _________ attack and Dr. Galbraith promised that I would be up in less than two weeks.

    10. (unaided)      The family lived on government _________ for two years.

     

    II.

    A. There are four pairs words below that are easy to use incorrectly. Fill in the blanks in Column A with these words with the help of the corresponding meanings given in column B.


      stare           see           severe         serious

      embarrassed     nervous       stress          force

          A                   B

    1. (          )     very bad, difficult; strict

     (          )     important, dangerous, not joking

    2. (          )     feelings of worry about ones work or life

     (          )     strength or power

    3. (          )     look at sth. or sb. for a long time

     (          )     notice, examine sb. or sth. by looking

    4. (          )     worried or frightened about sth.

     (          )     ashamed or uncomfortable

     

    B. Fill in the sentences with the proper form of these words.


    1. ____________ attention has never been paid to this subject.

    2. Following the ___________ rains, the fields were flooded.

    3. Jane has been under a lot of ___________ since her mothers illness.

    4. A policeman must carefully weigh the _________ of each word he uses.

    5. I dont know his name but I have _________ him around.

    6. The teacher told the boy to stop __________ out of the window and do some work.

    7. Im always ________ when I have to make a speech.

    8. Arthur seemed _______ by the question.

     


    III. Reading comprehension

    Passage 1

        Valentines Day (圣瓦伦丁节,情人节) was the time my father chose to show his love for the special people in his life. Over the yeas I fondly thought of him as my Valentine Man.

        At the age of six, on Valentines Day morning, I got a card signed Love, Dad for the first time and a gift of a ring with a small piece of red glass. As I grew older, the gifts gave way to heart-shaped boxes filled with my favorite chocolates and always included a special card signed Love, Dad. Year by year, the cards seemed less important, and I thought the valentine (圣瓦伦丁节送给异性的卡片或礼物等) would always be there. I had placed my hopes and dreams in receiving cards and gifts from important others, and Love, Dad just didn’t seem quite enough.

        If my father knew then that he had been replaced, he never let it show. If he sensed any disappointment over valentines that didnt arrive from me, he just tried that much harder to create a positive atmosphere (气氛), giving me an extra hug (拥抱) and doing what he could to make my day a little brighter.

        On Valentine’s Day eight years ago I received a card addressed to me in my mothers handwriting (笔迹). On the inside, my mother had printed Happy Valentines Day and my father had singed Love, Dad. It was the kind of card that put tears in my eyes because I knew this would be the last I would receive from him.

        His final card remains on my desk today. Its reminder of how special fathers can be and how important it has been to me over the years to know that I had a father who continued a tradition (传统) of love with simple acts of understanding and had the ability to express happiness to the people in his life.

    1. Why did the writer think of her father as her Valentine Man over the years?

    A. Her father had given her a valentine on Valentines Day to show his love, understanding and happiness.

    B. She had placed her hopes and dreams in receiving cards and gifts from her father on Valentines Day .

    C. Her father created a positive atmosphere (气氛) and made her day brighter on Valentines Day.

    D. She missed her father very much on Valentines day after he died.

    2. When the writer grew older, her fathers card seemed less important because ________.

    A. she was no longer interested in Valentines Day

    B. she thought her fathers valentine wasnt enough and hoped to get more from others

    C. her boyfriend took the place of her father

    D. she did no like the design of the cards her father sent her

    3. When the writer was disappointed about the valentines she did not receive, her father __________.

    A. gave her another heart-shaped box filled with her favorite chocolates

    B. tried to talk with her about something else

    C. told her to place her hopes and dreams away from others

    D. comforted her by doing what he could to make her happy

    4. Why was the writers last valentine written in her mothers writing?

    A. Her mother wanted to show her love too.

    B. Her father was so busy that he had no time to mail the card.

    C. Her father was too ill to mail a card.

    D. Her father wanted to give her a surprise.

    5. The writer put her fathers final card on her desk in order to _______.

    A. remember her father and his love

    B. show it to her colleagues (同事)

    C. think of the past life of her father

    D. get encouragement from her father

     

    Passage 2

        I hear many parents complaining that their teenage children are rebelling. I wish it were so. At this age you ought to be growing away from you parents. You should be learning to stand on your own two feet.

        But take a good look at the present rebellion (判逆). It seems that teenagers are all taking the same way of showing that they disagree with their parents. Instead of striking out on their own, most of them are clutching (抓紧)  at one anothers hands for reassurance (重获信心).

        They say they want to dress as they please, but all of them wear the same clothes. They set off in new directions in music, but all of them end up huddled (挤作一团) round listening to the same record. Their reason for thinking or acting in this and that way is that the crowd is doing it.

        It has become harder and harder for a teenager to stand up against the popularity wave and go his or her own way. These days every teenager can learn from the advertisements (广告) what a teenager should have and be. And many of todays parents have come to award (给予)high marks for the popularity of their children. All this adds up to a great barrier for the teenager who wants to find his or her own path.

        But the barrier is worth climbing over. The path is worth following. You may want to listen to classical (古典) music instead of going to a party. You may want to collect rocks when everyone else is collecting records. You may have some thoughts that you dont care to share at once with your classmates. Well, go to it. Find yourself. Be yourself. Popularity will come will the people who respect you for who you are. Thats the only kind of popularity that really counts.

    1. In this passage the writer wants to tell _________.

    A. readers how to be popular with people

    B. teenagers how to learn to decide things for themselves

    C. parents how to control and guide their children

    D. people how to understand and respect each other

    2. According to the writer, many teenagers think they are brave enough to act on their own, but in fact, most of them ________.

    A. have a lot of difficulty understanding each other

    B. lack firm trust in themselves

    C. dare to deal with problems by themselves

    D. are very much afraid of getting lost.

    3. Which of the following statements is not true according to the passage?

    A. There is no popularity that really counts.

    B. What many parents are doing is in fact preventing their children from finding their own paths.

    C. It is not bad for a teenager to disagree with his or her classmates.

    D. Most teenagers say that they want to do what they like to, but they are actually doing the same.

    4. The writer thinks that advertisements (广告) __________.

    A. give new direction in music

    B. make all teenagers wear the same clothes

    C. have a great influence on teenagers

    D. help industry develop a teenage market

    5. During the teenage years, one should learn to __________.

    A. be different from others in as many ways as possible

    B. get into the right season and become popular

    C. find ones real self

    D. learn from others around you

     

    Unit 4

    I. Complete each of the following sentences with the proper form of the word given in brackets.


    1. (impress)      As I knew him better, I discovered that my _____ had been right.

    2. (reaction)    When I punished him he ________ by bursting into tears.

    3. (appear)      From the _________ of the house, we thought it was empty.

    4. (present)     I have been asked to give a short ________ on the aims of the plan.

    5. (speak)      I turned and saw the ________ at the back of the room.

    6. (entertain)    He fell in the water, much to the __________ of the children.

    7. (relax)       Fishing and mountain-climbing are his favorite _________.

    8. (humor)      The play was so _________ that the audience laughed all through it.

    9. (introduction)   I was _________ to the president at the party.

    10. (consciously)  John has a(n) ________ habit of tapping his fingers on the desk.

     

    II.

    A. There are four pairs words below that are easy to use incorrectly. Fill in the blanks in Column A with these words with the help of the corresponding meanings given in column B.


      express         impress         voice          tone

      encounter       meet           interview       dialogue

           A                       B

    1. (            )     come face to face with sb. or experience sth. suddenly

     (            )     see and talk to sb. for the first time; be in the same place as sb. else

    2. (            )     tell people what you are feeling or thinking by using words

     (            )     have a strong effect on the mind

    3. (            )     the sounds that you make when you speak

     (            )     way of expression in speaking

    4. (            )     a meeting at which sb. is asked questions in order to find out whether they are suitable for a job, course of study etc.

     (            )     a conversation in a book, play or film

    B. Fill in the sentences with the proper form of these words.


    1. It is not an interesting film and is full of bad ____________.

    2. From his one ___________ with Wilfrid, he formed something of the same impression.

    3. It was the first time he had ever spoken to me in such a _________.

    4. Please raise your _________ when addressing an audience.

    5. They did not prevent him from _________ his opinions.

    6. We are very ________ with the standard of the childrens work.

    7. He ________ many interesting people on his travels.

    8. A policeman could _______ danger any minute of his working day.


     


    III. Reading comprehension

    Passage 1

        All of us communicate with one another nonverbally (不使用语言地), as well as with words. Most of the time were not aware that were doing it. We gesture with eyebrows or a hand, meet someone elses eyes and look away, change positions in a chair. These actions we assume are occasional. However in recent years researchers have discovered that there is a system to them almost as consistent and understandable as language.

        One important kind of body language is eye behavior. Americans are careful about how and when they meet one anothers eyes. In our normal conversation, each eye contact lasts only about a second before one or both of us look away. When two Americans look searchingly into each others eyes, they become more intimate. Therefore, we carefully avoid this, except in suitable situations.

        Researchers who are engaged in the study of communication through body movement are not prepared to spell out a precise vocabulary of gestures. When an American rubs his nose, it may mean he is disagreeing with someone or refusing something. But there are other possible interpretations (解释), too. Another example: when a student in conversation with a professor holds the older mans eyes a little longer than is usual, it can be a sign of respect; it can be a challenge to the professors authority (权威); it can be something else entirely. The researchers look for patterns in the situation, not for a separate meaningful gesture.

        Communication between human beings would be just dull if it were all done with words.

    1. The main idea of this article is that _____________.

    A. study of communication through body movement is a new science

    B. body movements are as important as words in communication

    C. all of us communicate with one another.

    D. Eye behavior is the most important part in body language

    2. What do researchers think of body language?

    A. Body language can be understood and used by people in communication.

    B. Body language is more important than spoken language in communication.

    C. Body language has been discovered in recent years.

    D. Body language is the study of communication through body movement.

    3. The word intimate in paragraph 2 probably means _________.

    A. great      B. close     C. good       D. important

    4. According to the passage, you make an American person feel uncomfortable, if you _________.

      A. meet his eyes

      B. avoid meeting his eyes

      C. stare into his eyes for one second

      D. look into his eyes for a long time

    5. The sentence The researchers look for patterns in the situation, not for a separate meaningful gesture means _________.

      A. the researchers explain the meaning of a gesture according to the situation in which it is used

    B. The researchers believe that one gesture has only one meaning

      C. the researchers think that one gesture can not be used in different situations

      D. the researchers look for patterns in textbooks to explain the meaning of a gesture

     

    Passage 2

        Pronouncing a language is a skill. Every normal person is an expert (专家) in the skill of pronouncing his own language; but few people are even fairly proficient (精通) at pronouncing foreign languages. Now the rare many reasons for this, some obvious, some perhaps not so obvious .But I suggest that the basic reason why people in general do not speak foreign languages very much better than they do native language is that they fail to understand the true nature of the problem of learning to pronounce. Far too many people fail to realize that pronouncing a foreign language is a skillone that needs careful training of a special kind, and one that cannot be gained by just leaving it to take care of itself. I think even teachers of language, while realizing the importance of a good accent, often neglect (忽视), in their practical teaching, the branch of study concerned with speaking the language. So the first point I want to make is that English pronunciation must be taught; the teacher should be prepared to devote some of the lesson time to this, and get the student to feel that here is a matter worthy of receiving his close attention. So, there should be occasions when other aspects (方面) of English, such as grammar or spelling, are allowed for the moment to take second place.

        Besides this question of the time given to pronunciation, there are two other requirements for the teacher: the first, knowledge; the second, technique.

        It is also possible to get a clear mental picture of the relationship (关系) between the sounds of different languages, between the speech habits of English people and those, say, of your students. Unless the teacher has such a picture, any comments he may make on his students pronunciation are unlikely to be of much use, and lesson time spent on pronunciation may well be time wasted.

    1. What does the author say about pronouncing foreign languages?

    A. Every normal person is an expert in the skill of pronouncing foreign languages.

    B. It is difficult for people to pronounce foreign languages.

    C. No one is really an expert in the skill of pronouncing foreign languages.

    D. There are not many people who are even fairly good at it.

    2. The writer argues that going about the problem of pronunciation in the wrong way is __________.

    A. an obvious cause of not understanding the problem correctly

    B. a result of not speaking well

    C. a result of not understanding the problem correctly

    D. not an obvious cause of speaking poorly

    3. According to the writer, teachers are likely to ignore ________.

    A. the practical techniques of teaching

    B. the importance of a good accent

    C. the teaching of spelling and grammar

    D. the teaching of pronunciation

    4. What are the three important requirements for teachers in teaching?

    A. Attention, information, technique.

    B. Time, knowledge, attention.

    C. Time, knowledge, technique.

    D. Information, technique, a clear mental picture.

    5. Whether a student masters correct speech habits depends on _________.

      A. the teachers proper teaching technique

      B. the learning of grammar

      C. the knowledge of spelling

      D. the teachers teaching method for pronunciation

     

    Unit 5

    I. Complete each of the following sentences with the proper form of the word given in brackets.


    1. (educate )     National wealth depends to a high degree on a countrys ______ standards.

    2. (regard)       Everyone has the right to live where he wants to, _______ of the color of his skin.

    3. (emphasize )   The English course places great ________ on speaking skills.

    4. (threat)        Noisy traffic __________ our way of life in this village.

    5. (race)         There are serious _______ problems in the United States.

    6. (efficient)      The _________ of the government received complaints.

    7. (infect)        She was afraid of carrying the _______ to her children.

    8. (alarm)       The oil trade bill totals an _________ $45 billion.

    9. (recent)      Tim was in southern China until ________, but caught a heavy cold.

    10. (establish)   They tried unsuccessfully to reduce the size and influence of the military __________.

     

    II.

    A. There are four pairs words below that are easy to use incorrectly. Fill in the blanks in Column A with these words with the help of the corresponding meanings given in column B.


        emerge      appear        network        net

        solution     answer        effective        useful

          A                  B

    1. (           )     become seen; (of an actor, singer, lecturer, etc.) come before the public; be presented to the public

     (           )     come into sight (from something that covers); (of facts, ideas) become known

    2. (           )     busy set of many lines, pipes, wires, etc., that cross; connected set

     (           )     cloth of threads that are knotted together with

    big holes between; thing made of this cloth, for a special job

    3. (          )     an act or way of finding an answer to a difficulty or problem

     (           )     something done in return; reply

    4. (           )     helpful; producing good results

     (           )     having a major or desired effect; producing the desired result

     

    B. Fill in the sentences with the proper form of these words.


    1. The sun __________ from behind the mountain in the distance.

    2. When it got dark, the stars ________ one by one in the sky.

    3. The man caught fish in his ___________.

    4. the country is covered with a _________ of roads.

    5. Lets put our heads together and find a __________ to the difficulty.

    6. He could not give a clear _________ for what I asked him.

    7. Its ________ to know several foreign languages when you are traveling in a foreign country.

    8. Light clothes are _________ in keeping cool in warm weather.


    III. Reading comprehension

    Passage 1

        According to a report of the World Health Organization, this year will see 2.6 million deaths from AIDS, the highest yearly international total since the disease began to take hold (占优势) in the late 1970s, despite questionable antiretro-viral (抗逆转录酶病毒药) drugs that staved off (延迟) AIDS deaths in the richer countries.

        As things stood, the number of deaths was likely to increase for many years before peaking.

        The report said about half of all people who acquired HIV become infected before they turned 25 and usually died before their 35th birthdays of AIDS, which destroys the bodys immune methods.

        Although ninety-five percent of people with HIV live in the developing world, battling HIV rates was still a challenge in the developed countries of the West, where there are very worrying facts that safe sex practices are dropping among gays.

        While AIDS deaths in the United States dropped by 42 percent between 1996 and 1997, the figure dropped by only half that between 1997 and last year.

        The report added that in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, the number of infected people had risen by a third this year, to 360,000.

        This was mainly due to an increase in the use of infected needles to inject (注射) drugs in Russia and the Ukraine. More than 2,700 cases of HIV were reported in Moscow in the first nine months of this year.

    Although cases of HIV remain relatively low in the Middle East, increasing use of injected drugs accounted for two thirds of new HIV cases in Bahrain last year, half in Iran and more than a third in Tunisia.

    1. According to the passage above, which of the following statements is not true?

    A. The number of people infected with HIV is increasing.

    B. Some new drugs can help delay AIDS deaths in countries where AIDS cases are found.

    C. There are more people who died of AIDS worldwide this year than any other year in the past.

    D. Most people with HIV live in the developing world.

    2. According to the passage, AIDS deaths next year will probably be _____________.

    A. as many as those this year

    B. dropping

    C. on the rise

    D. unknown to all

    3. AIDS is a life-threatening disease because ___________.

    A. it makes people unable to fight infection

    B. it kills the largest number of people

    C. it has the longest history

    D. more and more people are killed by AIDS

    4. Which of the following is not stated in the passage?

    A. nearly half of the people were infected with HIV before they were in their middle twenties.

    B. HIV is no longer threatening in Western countries.

    C. The majority of people carrying HIV live in developing countries.

    D. The peak of AIDS death has not arrived yet.

    5. There has been an increase in the number of people infected with HIV in Eastern Europe and Central Asia mainly because ________.

    A. most people were infected when staying in developed countries in the past

    B. there were more cases of HIV present

    C. in some countries more injected needles were used for the injection of drugs

    D. HIV reports were written with more points in these countries

     

    Passage 2

        Researchers using the most powerful computer in the world said on Tuesday they had found the start of the AIDS virus to be around 1930.

        Bette Korber and her research fellows at the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico used a computer model to figure out the mutations (突变) found in HIV and to estimate when the epidemic started.

    We estimate the time of commencing of the HIV- 1 main group to be near1930, they said in a written statement at an international meeting.

        The first case of infection with HIV, as it is known today, could have been in chimp (非洲黑猩猩), which passed it to a human, or in a human being infected with a chimp virus that mutated into HIV in his or her body.

    I think its more likely it was a human, Korber told newspaper writers. It wasnt for sure the case that a chimp bit a man.

        Allowing for mistakes, the actual start could be anywhere between 1910 and 1950, but Korber told the meeting she did the examination in two ways and both came in very close to 1930.

        Other scientists believe HIV, which has infected nearly 40 million people worldwide, began after a monkey virus known as SIV jumped from chimps to humans in western central Africa.

        Korber used an very powerful computer to figure out the rate of change of the virus, known for its quick mutations.

        Korber used two models the questionable molecular (分子的) clock, which assumes that genes( 基因), in any living being mutate and develop at an even rate; and a method that allowed for different rates of change. Both gave a best estimate of 1930.

       People in some parts of Africa often look for and kill chimps, and a virus can easily spread during butchering.

        A second group of HIV that infects people, known as HIV-2, is believed to have started out in a monkey known as a sooty mangabey (白眉猴)

    1. Which of the following statements is not true according to the passage?

      A. Korber and her research fellows did their research by means of experiments.

      B. The AIDS virus probably occurred around 1930.

      C. Researchers used a powerful computer to figure out the results.

      D. Korber make their results known in a written statement.

    2. According to the article, the first case of infection with HIV might not have started ____________.

      A. in a chimp which passed the virus to a human

      B. in a human infected with a chimp virus

      C. in a chimp that must have bitten a man

      D. in a man who looked for an butchered chimps

    3. Korber used a powerful computer in her research to ________.

      A. find out among various kinds of chimps which one carried the virus

      B. explore which model was more efficient

      C. figure out the rate of change of the virus

      D. discover how HIV started

    4. The two models Korber used are different in that ___________.

      A. they work at different rates

      B. they are based on different ideas in regard to the changing rates of genes

      C. they use different molecular clocks to figure out results

      D. they allow for different number of mistakes

    5. Which of the following is the most suitable title for the article?

      A. A New Discovery in Computer Science.

      B. Where Did the AIDS Virus Come from?

      C. Who Is to Blame for the Spread of the AIDS Virus?

      D. Computer Finds AIDS Commenced in 1930.

     

    Unit 6

    I. Complete each of the following sentences with the proper form of the word given in brackets.


    1. (continue)        You cant work _____________ for six hours

    without a break!

    2. (employ)          ____________ levels are unlikely to rise

    significantly before the end of next year.

    3. (harm)           This group of chemicals is known to be ______

    to people with asthma (哮喘).

    4. (devote)          She will be remembered for her selfless ______

    to the cause.

    5. (conceive)        There is no ___________ reason for the young

    man to be promoted over her.

    6. (admire)          Shes got a secret ____________ who keeps

    sending her gifts.

    7. (survive)          His main concern is to ensure his own political ____________.

    8. (replace)         Our babysitters just moved away, so were asking around for a __________.

    9. (occasion)         It snowed _________ last year but not enough for us to use our snow boards.

    10. (accurate)        The plans should be drawn as ___________ as possible, showing all the measurements.

     

    II.

    A. There are four pairs words below that are easy to use incorrectly. Fill in the blanks in Column A with these words with the help of the corresponding meanings given in column B.


      fade        disappear         cheerful        happy

      recall       remember        peculiar        special

          A                        B

    1. (           )     (cause to) lose strength, color, freshness, etc.; disappear or die bit by bit

     (           )     go out of sight; to stop existing; become lost

    2. (           )     feeling or expressing pleasure, satisfaction, etc. usually for a short time

     (           )     feeling glad and satisfied as a result of a balanced or hoping nature; bringing or suggesting happiness, usually over a long period of time

    3. (           )      keep in the memory; call back into the mind; to take note not to forget, usually from the recent past

     (           )      (make an effort to ) bring back to the mind what has been forgotten, usually from a long time before

    4. (           )     belonging only (to a particular person, place, time, etc.); strange; not usual (esp. in a troubling of displeasing way)

     (           )     of a particular kind; not ordinary or usual

     

    B. Fill in the sentences with the proper form of these words.


    1. When spring comes, the snow and the ice _____________.

    2. The light __________ as the sun went down.

    3. She always looks __________ even in defeat.

    4. We were not _________ to have him on our team.

    5. Try as I might, I could not _________ where I had left the book.

    6. We often ____________ the pleasant holidays we had with you.

    7. Great minds in general look at life in a way ______ to themselves.

    8. Its not like ordinary photographs. There is something _________ about it.


    III. Reading comprehension

    Passage 1

        Like most people, I was brought up to look upon life as a process (过程) of getting. It was not until in my late thirties that I made this important discovery: giving-away makes life so much more exciting. You need not worry if you lack money. This is how I experimented with giving away. If an idea for improving the window display (陈列) of a nearby store occurred to me, I stepped in and suggested it to the store-keeper. If something interesting happens, the story of which I think the local Catholic (天主教的)priest (神父) could use, I call him up and tell him about it, though I am not a Catholic myself.

        One discovery I made about giving away is that it is almost impossible to give away anything in this world without getting something back, though the return often comes in a form that is not expected. One Sunday morning the local post office delivered an important letter to my home, though it was addressed to me at my office. I wrote the post office manager a thank-you note. More than a year later I needed a post-office box for a new business I was starting. I was told at the window that there were no boxes left, and that my name would have to go on a long waiting list. As I was about to leave, the post office manager appeared in the entrance. He had happened to hear our conversation. Wasnt it you that wrote us that letter a year ago about delivering a special envelope to your home? I said it was. Well, you certainly are going to have a box in this post office if we have to make one for you. You dont know what a letter like that means to us. We usually get nothing but complaints.

    1. The writer at first regarded life as a process of getting probably because _____________.

    A. he was like most people in looks

    B. of most people around him

    C. he was educated to like most people

    D. of his early education

    2. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?

    A. The writer liked most people brought up that way.

    B. He was educated to consider life as a process of getting in the same way as most people do.

    C. He discovered how important money was in his late thirties.

    D. He made some important discoveries after he was thirty.

    3. The writer suggested an idea to the storekeeper__________.

    A. in the store window  

    B. in person

    C. about another store

    D. in a letter

    4. When the writer needed a post-office box, _____________.

    A. his name went on a waiting list

    B. he wrote the post office manager asking him to make one for him

    C. there had been many people requesting post-office boxes earlier than him

    D. he wrote the post office manager to complain

    5. When answering the post office managers question, the writer said ______________.

    A. it was he

    B. it was a post-office box

    C. it was the important letter delivered to his home

    D. it was the thank-you note he had written

     

    Passage 2

        At present, in many American cities especially, many teachers in the public schools say they are underpaid (少付工资的). They point to jobs such as secretary or truck driver, which often pay more to start than that of the teacher. In many other fields, such as law, medicine, computer science, a beginning worker may make more than a teacher who has taught for several years.

        Teaching has never been a profession that attracted people interested in high salaries. It is by history a profession that has provided rewards in addition to moneythe satisfaction of sharing knowledge, of influencing others, of guiding young people. But in the past several years, there are more difficulties in teaching, for many, than there are rewards.

        Unruly (不守秩序的)students, especially in big cities, large classes and a lack of suppor4t from the public in terms of money and understanding have led many public school teachers to leave the profession.

        As a result, many of the best students, who would have chosen teaching as their life career in the past, are going into other fields.

        Another reason for this change in teacher candidates (申请求职者) is the changing status of women in the United States. Until the late 1960s and 1970s, one of the most popular choices for women was teaching. But as other professions, such as law and medicine opened up to women, women stopped pouring into teacher training programs. Thus, a major pool of excellent candidates for the teaching profession dwindled (减少).

        Bit by bit government officials and others realized that the status of the teacher had suffered. They talked about change. But change in a vast society like the United States is not easy. Peoples attitudes have formed over many years, and sometimes change takes many years.

    1. Which of the following can give us a true picture of jobs in the United States?

    A. People in most professions usually get the same pay at the beginning.

    B. A beginning worker in medicine earns less than one in any other field.

    C. A beginning teacher earns as much as a truck driver who has worked for several years.

    D. A teacher with several years teaching experience cant make as much as a new lawyer.

    2. The writer points out the present situation of teaching, that is, ___________.

    A. teaching is a profession that can always attract best students to work in

    B. teaching can provide rewards as well as high salaries

    C. teachers work hard and make a small income compared to workers in many other jobs

    D. teachers are no longer underpaid

    3. Many public school teachers turn to other professions because of _________________.

    A. the unruly students and large classes

    B. the difficulties of teaching as well as a lack of money, support and understanding

    C. the attracting power of other jobs

    D. a lack of satisfaction of sharing knowledge and influencing others

    4. Which of the following is not a reason that influences women in their decision to become teachers?

    A. how much income the job can pay.

    B. The changing status of women.

    C. Less housework for women to do.

    D. More professions opened up to women.

    5. The writer believes that change in teachers status in the United States _____________.

    A. is not great  

    B. needs time

    C. lacks support from the government

    D. influences peoples attitudes

     

    Unit 7

    I. Complete each of the following sentences with the proper form of the word given in brackets.


    1. (expect )      He was woken up by an __________ phone call  early in the morning, when he was sleeping soundly.

    2. (rob)          At down, bank __________ shocked the small town; many people showed their worries about public safety.

    3. (except )       In that country, all men between 18 and 45 without ______________ are expected to serve in the army during the war.

    4. (usual)        It is not __________ for him to come home at two or three in the morning. He is very busy with his work.

    5. (shave)        He looks about thirty, tall and _______. In my opinion, he looks like a normal artist.

    6. (attach)        He has a lot of _________ for his camera for taking pictures under special conditions.

    7. (polish)        After the whole days work, he finished a ________ piece of writing, praising the young mans brave action when he was faced with danger.

    8. (detail)        The ________ study of the problem is needed to clear up the secret which confuses both parties.

    9. (current)       _________, she is one of the most popular actresses in Hollywood.

    10. (woe)        From his ________ expression, I an see he is still suffering from toothache.

     

    II.

    A. There are four pairs words below that are easy to use incorrectly. Fill in the blanks in Column A with these words with the help of the corresponding meanings given in column B.


      polish       punish       search       research

    Slight       light         sideways     sidewalk

          A                 B

    1. (           )     make something smooth and shiny by rubbing

     (           )     cause to suffer for what they have done

    2. (           )     a detailed study of a subject in order to discover information; study information on something

     (           )     look somewhere carefully in order to find something

    3. (           )     thin in build and usu. small

     (           )     not great in strength or quantity

    4. (           )     a path with a hard surface on which people walk along one or both sides of a road

     (           )     from one side to another, or with one side to the front

     

    B. Fill in the sentences with the proper form of these words.

    1. Dangerous driving should be __________ in some way.

    2. If you _________ your article, well print your article in our magazine.

    3. The historical and cultural background to the play has been very carefully and thoroughly ___________.

    4. Dogs wee brought in to ___________ the area for survivors (幸存者).

    5. The doctor suggested that the patient take some __________ exercise, such as walking. It is not good to stay in bed all the time.

    6. I am afraid that the wind will lift her ________ body off the ground.

    7. She is so over-weight that she can only get through the door ______.

    8. Walking on the ___________, the young couple talked about those unforgettable days when they were studying at college.


     


    III. Reading comprehension


    Passage 1

        The frightening rise in crimes of violence throughout has caused more and more people to arm themselves. They buy guns to protect their homes and to carry with them for personal safety when traveling. Unfortunately, instead of safety, what the new handgun owner too often gets is personal tragedy (悲剧). As I found out in my reading, a handgun does not protect the American home very well. The home handgun is far more likely to kill or injure family members and friends than anyone who breaks in, and is especially harmful to young adults and to children.

        Because 90 percent of break-and-enters take place when no one is home, the handgun bought for defense is very often stolen. According to some statistics, each year about 100,000 handguns are stolen from ordinary citizens. These guns then enter the criminal underworld (黑社会) and are used in more crimes. Thus, the citizen who lost guns is helping to arm the criminal class.

        As a New York City police officer recently pointed out to a homeowner who asked if he should buy a handgun to protect his home, too often it is the homeowner himself who ends up getting shot and killed, because he most often warns the  robber by saying something like Stop! or What do you think youre doing? Possibly, the thief turns and fires.

        In street crime, the use of a handgun for defense is very risky, with the defender often losing the gun and having it used against him. The handgun owner seldom even gets the chance to use his or her gun because the moment of surprise is always with the attacker. In fact, trying to use a handgun to keep someone off makes the risk of death quite a bit higher.

    For the ordinary citizen, using a handgun is seldom helpful for defense on the street. And in the home, the only way to get real defense from a personal handgun would be to have it always at the ready, perhaps in hand loaded and ready to fire every time there is a knock on the door. That is not exactly the American way or my idea of a civilized (文明的) society.

    1. Why do people arm themselves according to the passage?

      1. Because they went to use guns to protect their personal goods.

      2. Because killing animals is their favorite sport.

      3. Because the number of crimes of violence is still small.

      4. Because people intend to attack others.

    2. More often than not, what the handgun brings its owner is ___________.

      1. safety

      2. tragedy

      3. luck

      4. happiness

    3. It can be understood from the passage that ________.

      1. self-defense is of no use

      2. home handguns do more harm than good to ordinary people

      3. stolen handguns are usually thrown away

      4. handguns are no longer needed

    4. If a citizen uses a handgun to protect himself in street rime, he will probably ___________.

      1. be safe and sound

      2. kill the attacker

      3. risk his life

      4. hurt other people instead

    5. The passage is mainly about ___________.

      1. how criminals get guns from ordinary citizens

      2. why the handgun is not essential for home defense

      3. when street crime is most likely to happen

      4. how handguns protect peoples lives

         

        Passage 2

            In my opinion, there is only one legitimate (合法的) handgun sport and that is aim practice. It is practiced at objects which are properly monitored and usually quite safe. Only certain handguns are true sporting weapons, seen as such by the sports lovers.

        On the other hand, shooting at tin cans and other small objects in ones backyard is not and should not be considered a serious sport. When uncontrolled, it can be a very dangerous practice.

            Some opponents (反对者) of handgun control have stated that we are out to stop all hunting and that controlling the handgun would severely affect hunting. That is simply untrue. Handgun control would in no way limit the freedom of the true hunter. Few if any hunters consider the handgun an effective hunting weapon.

            There are a few hungers who do hunt with handguns, but most states place restrictions (限制) on the type of guns that can be used in hunting, the reason being that killing of game should be done in as humane (人道的) a way as possible. Some small handguns are more likely to wound the animal rather than kill it at once. Only long guns, rifles and shotguns are effective arms for hunting.

            People must understand that handguns and hunters are separate matters. Because most of the hunters use a rifle or a shotgun, there is no reason why their search for game and sport should be affected by handgun control. Mixing the anti-hunting matter with the handgun matter confuses the killing of animals with the killing of people.

    6. In the writers opinion, People should use handguns only when ___________.

      1. hunters shoot at animals

      2. they aim at a criminal

      3. objects are under control

      4. objects are only small tin cans in the backyard

    7. Most states limit the type of guns used for hunting because _______.

      1. they want to control the use of guns

      2. some guns are not effective

      3. animals are very strong

      4. hunters should take a humane approach toward animals

    8. According to the writer, hunting is not affected by handgun control because ____________.

      1. hunters can use knives rather than guns to hunt animals

      2. state government encourages hunters to use other guns

      3. nobody cares what weapons are used to kill animals

      4. most hunters use rifles rather than handguns

    9. This passage mainly talks about ___________.

      1. the relation between hunting and handgun control

      2. the important of aim practice

      3. how handgun control affects hunting

      4. different types of guns used in hunting

    10. It can be understood that _____________.

      1. handgun control greatly affects hunting

      2. most hunters use rifles to hunt because of handgun control

      3. handgun control and hunting are separate matters

      4. shotguns are better in hunting because they can save animals lives

         

        Unit 8

        I. Complete each of the following sentences with the proper form of the word given in brackets.

        1. (combine)      After the two weeks enquiry, it was decided that a _________ of several mistakes led to the terrible plane accident.

        2. (reason)        The employees were quite unsatisfied with the __________ explanation given by the managers and decided to go on strike.

        3. (satisfy)        We did not feel the response ________ and asked for further information.

        4. (psychology)    A ____________ studies the mind and feelings and their relation to behavior.

        5. (drama)        She is likely to be very _________ about everything. Dont take what she said seriously.

        6. (create)         The child is so _________ that he always comes up with some unusual ideas.

        7. (person)         According to psychologists, ________ is formed at a very early age. Parents are supposed to teach their children by example.

        8. (represent)       The company has __________ in most European capitals.

        9.(exist)           After experiencing so many things in his life, he does not believe in the _________ of God.

        10. (true)          The story has been ________ stated as it was. You should learn a lesson from it and never let it repeat itself.

         

        II.

        A. There are four pairs of words below that are easily misused. Fill in the brackets in Column A with the words that match the definitions given in Column B.

            satisfactory     satisfied     invention    discovery

            recognize      organize     seek        find

                A                  B

        1. (             )      having what one needs or wants

         (             )      good enough esp. for a particular need or purpose

        2. (             )      something newly created, or the activity of creating new things

         (             )      the act of finding something that has not been known before

        3. (             )      know what you have seen or experienced

         (             )      do or plan according to particular

        organization

        4. (             )      search for or try to find something; try or attempt

        (             )      see where a thing or person is; discover

         

        B Fill in the blanks in the sentences with the proper form of these words used in A.

        1. We did not feel the response was ________ and asked for more information.

        2. When the government made its decision public, most of the people were quite ___________ with the result.

        3. The _________ of gold in California opened up the west.

        4. He is responsible for the ___________ of the atomic bomb.

        5. I ________ my old high school teacher from the photograph.

        6. Since they did not prepare well, the meeting was badly _______ and some students left before it was over.

        7. The central government is _______ ways to reduce the cost of health care.

        8. The study has __________ that men who take this medicine once a day have fewer heart attacks. Therefore, the doctor suggests his patients doing so.

         

        III. Reading comprehension

        Passage 1

        Of two difficulties in helping students become critical thinkers, the first is a common error about why students fail to become critical thinkers in the first place. The second is lack of a practical method for teaching critical thinking skills in the classroom. Both problems can be solved.

            Rather than merely presenting stimuli(刺激物) to students in the form of lectures, teachers use many questions to have students teach back to the teacher in a questioning process that has seven steps. If, through Socratic questioning, our students can repeat back to us any lesson as well as we would have otherwise told, lectured, or modeled for them, this suggests that the students themselves have done the thinking and learning.

            The following seven-step method may help develop students critical thinking. In the first step, the teacher should ask students questions that have them find all the information on the page in front of them. In the second step, the teacher asks students questions to get them to compare all the pieces of information in the lesson. In the third step, the teacher asks students questions to help them classify (分类) the information in the lesson they have just compared for similarities and differences. In the fourth step, the teacher asks students questions to get them to understand what the instructions ask them to do. In step five the teacher asks students questions to get them to provide reasonable answers. In step five, the teacher asks students questions to get them to provide reasonable answers. In step six the teacher asks students to use the skill or knowledge in new or different situations. In step seven, the teacher asks students to summarize (总结) the lesson once again.

            In the instructional approach just described, we stress seven learning skills students need to acquire to make the content they are taught in school meaningful. The seven-step critical thinking process shows teachers how to ask student questions, beginning with the main idea and progressing through the process of the seven steps. A process of Socratic questioning can be one important part of an instructional solution that will create a revolution in student learning aimed at the development of critical thinking skills.

    11. The best subject of the passage is __________.

      1. The Creation of Main Ideas

      2. Why Students Fail to Become Critical Thinkers

      3. Ways of exciting Students in the Form of Lectures

      4. Seven Steps to Teach Critical Thinking

    12. The seven steps stated in the passage _________.

      1. are of no importance to teachers

      2. aim to teach students to think critically

      3. are used to explain details to students

      4. prevent students from thinking individually

    13. Which of the following statements about the seven-step method is not true?

      1. Teachers need students active feedback (反馈) during class.

      2. The seven steps focus on questioning students on learning skills.

      3. The creation of the main idea is the first of the seven steps.

      4. The seven steps help students to do the thinking by themselves.

    14. To seek similarities and differences among all information is ___________.

      A. the first step       B. the third step

      C. the fifth step       D. the seventh step

      5. Which of the following is the most suitable phrase to describe the seven-step method?

        A. Usual approach.

        B. Unpractical solution.

        C. Theory guiding.

        D. Instructional technique.

       

      Passage 2

          We have admitted the fact that verbal ( 言语的) and mathematical thinking are given a lot of attention at school and college, while thinking using the right side of the brain, is not given very much attention. However, we also have discovered that it is rather important to encourage people to make full use of their powers of visual imagery (影像). Then how do we develop our visual thinking? Here are some techniques.

          See actions and movement in your minds eye. Try to imagine these actions: You arrive home, you go to your door, put your key in the lock and open the door. You take off your coat. You go into the kitchen and you make yourself a drink. Could you see these actions in your minds eye? It is a useful technique and one which can be improved with practice.

          Hear, smell, taste and touchin your mind. Try to close your eyes and see if you can hear, feel, taste and smell in your mind. Imagine pulling on rope. You hear the roar of the sea. Your bare feet are on the hot sand. The taste of salt is in the air. Now, you are no longer pulling; you are waving. The hot, soft sand is changing into hard, rough concrete. The sea no longer roars; you hear screaming tires of cars before they hit something. With practice, we can make enough use of our ability to imagine the whole range of our senses (感觉).

          Create new objects and actions. Creative people must be able to imagine objects, people and scenes. They must also be able to imagine new combinations and relations. Imagine a washing machine. You open the door and clothes fly out one after another. They dance in the air in front of you. Can you see this ? Describe the washing to a friend.

          All of us can do thee things to achieve creative thinking, if we want.

    15. According to the passage, school education stresses more on ___________.

      1. thinking with the right side of the brain

      2. using the left side of the brain

      3. combining both sides of the brain

      4. developing critical thinking

    16. When you see actions in your minds eye, you are expected to __________.

      1. imagine your movement in detail

      2. practice what you imagine

      3. stop daydreaming

      4. tell everything in your imagination

    17. The word roar in the third paragraph probably means __________.

      A. to whisper            

      B. to give our a loud cry

      C. to make a long and loud sound

      D. to make sharp voice

      4. Which of the following is not true?

        A. To achieve creative thinking, one should create new things in the mind.

        B. It is useful to imagine the whole range of our senses.

        C. Using the right side of ones brain helps develop creative thinking.

        D. It is no point practicing ones visual thinking.

      5. The main idea of the passage is __________.

        A. why to train the imagination

        B. how to develop visual thinking

        C. why to use our senses

        D. how to create new objects in the mind

       

       

       

      Key to Exercises

      Unit 1

      I.

      1. eagerness    2. Frustration    3. incorrectly   4. communication

      5. unforgettable     6. wonderful     7. continually     8. unlike

      9. activities     10. instructed

      II.

      A.

      1. request; require          2. anxious; eager  

      3. continuous; continual     4. chance; opportunity

      B.

      1. continual     2. Chance     3. eager     4. opportunity

      5. requested     6. anxious     7. continuous     8. required

      III

      Passage 1

      1. D     2. A     3. B     4. B     5. C

      Passage 2

      1. D     2. B     3. A    4. C     5. A

       

      Unit 2

      I

      1. thoroughly     2. musicians     3. favorite     4. healthy

      5. useless     6. powerful     7. awake     8. Entrance/Entering

      9. feeling     10. usually

      II

      A.

      1. usual; ordinary     2. grab; catch   3. aloud; loud   4. lonely; alone

      B.

      1. aloud     2. usual     3. lonely     4. grabbed     5. loudly

      6. ordinary     7. alone     8. catch

      III

      Passage 1

      1. B     2. B     3. D     4. D     5. C

      Passage 2

      1. A     2. A     3. D     4. B     5. C

       

      Unit 3

      I

      1. patience     2. amazed     3. complaint     4. envious   5. reluctance  

      6. unworthy     7. different     8. owners      9. severe     10. aid

      II.

      A. 1. severe; serious   2. stress; force   3. stare; see  4. nervous; embarrassed

      B.

      1. Serious     2. severe     3. stress     4. force     5. seen     6. staring     7. nervous     8. embarrassed

      III

      Passage 1

      1. A     2. B     3. D     4. C     5. A

      Passage 2

      1. B    2. B    3. A    4. C    5. C

       

      Unit 4

      I

      1. impressions     2. reacted     3. appearance    4. presentation     5. speaker     6. entertainment    7. relaxations   8. humorous   9. introduced   10. unconscious

      II.

      A.1. encounter; meet   2. express; impress   3. voice; tone  4. interview; dialogue

      B.

      1. dialogues     2. interview . encounter     3. tone     4. voice

      5. expressing     6. impressed     7. met     8. encounter

      III

      Passage 1

      1. B     2. A     3. B     4. D     5. A

      Passage 2

      1. D     2. C    3. D     4. C     5. D

       

      Unit 5

      I

      1. educational     2. regardless     3. emphasis     4. threatens   5. racial

      6. inefficiency    7. infection    8. alarming   9. recently     10. establishment

      II

      A.

      1. appear; emerge   2. network; net   3. solution; answer   4. useful effective

      B.

      1. emerges/emerged     2. appeared     3. net     4. network

      5. solution     6. answer     7. useful     8. effective

      III

      Passage 1

      1. B     2. C     3. A     4. B     5. C

      Passage 2

      1. A     2. C     3. C     4. B     5. D

       

      Unit 6

      I

      1. continuously   2. Employment   3. harmful     4. devotion     5. conceivable

      6. admirer   7. survival     8. replacement     9. occasionally      10. accurately

      II.

      A.

      1. fade; disappear   2. happy; cheerful   3. remember; recall  4. peculiar; special

      B.

      1. disappear     2. faded     3. cheerful     4. happy

      5. remember     6. recall     7. peculiar     8. special

      III

      Passage 1

      1. D     2. B     3. B     4. C     5. A

      Passage 2

      1. D     2. C     3. B     4. C    5. B

       

      Unit 7

      I

      1. unexpected     2. robbery     3. exception     4. unusual     5. unshaven    

      6. attachments     7. polished     8. detailed     9. Currently     10. woeful

      II.

      A.1. polish; punish   2. research; search   3. slight; light   4. sidewalk; sideways

      B.

      1. punished     2. polish     3. researched     4. search

      5. light     6. slight     7. sideways    8. sidewalk

      III

      Passage 1

      1. A     2. B     3. B     4. C     5. B

      Passage 2

      1. C     2. D     3. D     4. A     5. C

       

      Unit 8

      I

      1. combination    2. unreasonable      3. satisfactory/satisfying    4. psychologist

      5. dramatic      6. creative     7. personality      8. representatives    

      9. existence     10. truly

      II.

      A.

      1. satisfied; satisfactory      2. invention; discovery  

      3. recognize; organize       4. seek; find

      B.

      1. satisfactory     2. satisfied     3. discovery     4. invention

      5. recognized     6. organized     7. seeking      8. found

      III

      Passage 1

      1. D     2. B     3. C     4. B     5. D

      Passage 2

      1. B     2. A     3. C     4. D     5. B

      专升本英语练习题(第二册)

      Unit 1

      I. Complete each of the following sentences with the proper form of the word given in brackets.

      1. (press)       All the men were under heavy ________ working day and night.

      2. (rest)         The man was very worried about the safety of his son, so he _________ walked about the room.

      3. (leisure)       The young industrial engineer did everything in a ________ way.

      4. (surround)      How my teacher would teach any youngster in such ___________ is a complete mystery to me.

      5. (competence)    Do you think youd be ________ to criticize (批评) the action taken by your colleagues?

      6. (increase)      The situation in that area has become _______ serious in the last few weeks.

      7. (skill)         ____________ student performance depends on careful teaching planning.

      8. (arrive)       John Read, a recent _________ to the United States, was an altogether more effective man.

      9. (open)        The books ________ is dull, but the last sections are interesting.

      10. (pass)       In my opinion, their friendship has survived the __________ of time.

       

      II. Each of the following sentences contains an error. Point it out and correct it.

      1. Janet is finally used to cook on an electric stove after having a gas

                           A                      B

      one for so long.

      C     D

      (       ); Correction: _______________

       

      2. Reading several books on that subject, Bill considered himself an

          A               B                  C       D

      expert.

      (       ):Corrections: ______________

       

      3. We were pleased to have the opportunity to watch such good

                                                   A

      dancers to perform a highly praised new ballet.

            B       C  D

      (       ):Corrections: ______________

       

      4. Even though the child pretended sleeping, when we opened the

            A                       B     C

      bedroom door we were not fooled.

                             D

      (       ):Corrections: ______________

       

      5. Some of the people were standing in the street watched the

              A               B               C

      demonstration, while others were singing songs.

                        D

      (       ):Corrections: ______________

       

      6. Having finished his term paper before the fixed date, it was

                A                  B                C

      delivered to the professor before the class.

                            D

      (       ):Corrections: ______________

       

      7. If our expanding population is not to suffer from lack and pollution

                              A

      in the future, a great effort must be made to repair some of the damage

                                         B               C

      already done and to stop more harm done.

                                    D

      (       ):Corrections: ______________

       

      8. I am going to have my letters type tomorrow afternoon if Ive got

           A            B      C                    D

      them ready by then.

       

      (       ):Corrections: ______________

       

      III. Reading comprehension

      Passage 1

          Someone said to a man, Travel and see the world. He answered, Why should I? People are the same everywhere. They are born. They are babies. They are children. They are adults. They grow old. They die. They have the same feelings. They feel love and hate, happiness and sadness, security and fear, pride and shame. That is why I do not want to travel. I can learn everything here. Im going to stay home.

          The man was right. He was also wrong. People are the same, but people are also different. They all have the same pattern of lifebirth, youth, old age, death. But these stages of life have different values in different cultures. Also, while all people have the same feelings, the causes of these feelings are different. A situation that may bring happiness in one place may not bring happiness in another place.

          For example, in many countries old age is a happy time. Young people in these countries show respect to the old people. In Korea, old people are honored and respected. When they are too old to live alone, they live with a son, daughter, or other relatives. When they become sixty-one years old, it is a very happy and important event. There is a big party with many guests. They receive many gifts. When people reach this time in life, the attitudes of their family and their community change toward them. Everyone looks forward to this time.

          In the United States, it is quite different for old people Most old people do not live with their children or relatives. For many North Americans, old age is not a happy time. Most North Americans want to stay young. They try to act like young people as long as possible. They even try to speak the language of the young. They do not like to grow old because they will not get honor or respect or attention. Also, businesses do not want old people to work for them. So, old people usually live alone and they do not have many things to do. Old age can be a sad and lonely time for them.

    1. The reason why the man did not have the intention of traveling was that __________.

      1. he thought he already knew about people in other places

      2. he was too old to travel any more

      3. he could not understand people in other countries since he was deaf

      4. he preferred to stay home to enjoy his leisure time

    2. Which of the following statements is NOT true?

      1. People all over the world are the same, but they are also different.

      2. Different values are reflected in different stages of life in different cultures.

      3. People react differently to the same situation.

      4. The reasons for the same feelings are also the same in different cultures.

    3. In Korea, people _____________.

      1. think being young is the same as being old

      2. are afraid of old age

      3. are longing for old age

      4. value their youth most

    4. Compared with American old people, the old in Korea ________.

      1. enjoy living alone and supporting themselves

      2. can led an honored and respected life

      3. can cat like the young

      4. are not respected and do not receive due attention

    5. The word businesses in Paragraph 4 means _____________.

      1. managers

      2. consumers

      3. shops or factories

      4. busy people

         

        Passage 2

            Minh Pham was born in Vietnam. He left when he was 21 years old. Minh has been in America for almost two years. There is still much he does not understand about America.

             Once Minh was in a grocery store. He saw an old man and an old woman. They wanted a box of cereal. The box was on a high shelf. They couldn t reach it. Minh saw a stepladder. He got on the lader and got the box. He handed it to the elderly couple. They thanked him.

        Where are your childre? asked Minh. Why dont they help you buy food?

        Our chidlren have their own lives, they said. We like to be free to do as we like. Minh doesnt think this is right. In his country, children help their parents. Minh gave the elderly couple his phone number. He told them to call him if they needed help. One night they asked minh to dinner, but they never asked him for help.

            One day, Minh was walking with a Vietnamese firned. The two were going to film. Minh wanted to go to a restaurant first. Minh took his friends hand. He pulled him toward the restaurant. People on th estreet stared at Minh. In Vietnam, friends often hold hands. Minh found out that people in America are not used to men holding hands.

             Minh Pham is going through a process known as resocialization. Socialization is the process through which a person learns to live in a society. Everyone goes through this process. Minh went through it when he lived in Vietnam. But the Vietnamese way of life is much different from the Aemrican way of life. When Minh came to America, he had to learn a new way of life. He had to learn how to live in a new society.

            Minh has learned a lot about American life in two years. He still has a lot to learn. The process of resocialization can take many years.

    6. The main idea of te passage is that it is difficult to __________.

      1. ignore cultural differences

      2. learn to live in a new country

      3. travel all over the world

      4. learn to act one ones own

    7. According to the passage, Minh thought the old couple should _________.

      1. ask their children for help

      2. encourage each other to help

      3. rely on themselves in life

      4. live a quiet and comfortable life

    8. What does the word resocialization mean in Paragraph 6?

      1. Bringing into public ownership.

      2. Spending time with others.

      3. Fitting into a new society.

      4. Holding hands together.

    9. It seemed that people felt surprised when they saw that Minh and his friend were _________.

      A. Vietnamese      B. overseas students

      C. holding hands     D. quarreling

      5. It is hard to _____________ when one comes to a new country.

        A. learn as many foreign languages as possible

        B. get used to the local weather and climate

        C. communicate with foreign people there

        D. avoid culture shock and get used to a new life

       

      Unit 2

      IComplete each of the following sentences with the proper form of the word given in brackets.

      1. (present)        We shouldnt discuss Jeffs progress in the _____

      of the other students.

      2. (promise)       The new movie is a ___________ one; it is likely to be one of the biggest money-makers of all time.

      3. (rebel)         A peace agreement was signed yesterday between the republic and its __________ region.

      4. (stick)          When the mother came home, she found that the childrens faces were ______________ with chocolate.

      5. (fair)           It seems ___________ to tax you both where you work and where you live.

      6. (persist)         Her _________ and enthusiasm have helped the group to achieve its international success.

      7. (indifferent)      Many native speakers of a language show _____

      Towards grammatical points.

      8. (miss)           The policemen started off at once in search of the ___________ girls.

      9. (compete)        Acting is very ______________--youve got to really push yourself if you want to succeed.

      10. (injure)         Several train passengers received serious _____ in the crash.

       

      II. Each of the following sentences contains an error. Point it out and correct it.

      1. The national parks are very important for preserve many animals,

                                          A

      who would run the risk of dying out.

      B        C             D

       

      (        ); Correction: ________________

       

      2. The large birdhouse, together with the numerous birdfeeders, attract

                                         A                 B

      a considerable number of different species in the summer.

                     C             D

       

      (        ); Correction: ________________

      3. That the family is experiencing basic change as a result of historical

        A                                      B

      processes are fairly generally accepted by people.

              C         D

       

      (        ); Correction: ________________

       

      4. France prefers to ease paying terms for middle income countries

                  A                 B

       

      rather than to cut total debt in any new initiative.

           C                      D

       

      (        ); Correction: ________________

       

      5. He was told that if he had been a boy or the family had been richer,

                         A                        B

      he would have a better chance.

            C             D

       

      (        ); Correction: ________________

       

      6. Few people realize that the region is very rich in natural resources,

          A                               B

      having not only oil and gas with vast amounts of coal and water.

       C                    D

       

      (        ); Correction: ________________

       

      7. When he left the office last night, he forgot turning off the light.

               A  B                          C        D

       

      (        ); Correction: ________________

       

      8. Most cultures contain a number of common sayings and beliefs that

            A                                     B

      are not really based on fact but, when examined, are proved to be

                                       C        D

      misinformation.

       

      (        ); Correction: ________________

       

      III. Reading comprehension

      Passage 1

          The advantages and disadvantages of a large population have long been a subject of discussion among economists. It has been argued that the supply of good land is limited. To feed a large population, poor land must be cultivated (耕种) and the good land worked intensively (精耕细作地). Thus, each person produces less and this means a lower average income than could be obtained with a smaller population. Other economists have argued that a large population gives more chance of development of facilities such as ports, roads and railways, which are not likely to be built unless there is a big demand.

          One of the difficulties in carrying out a worldwide birth control program lies in the fact that official attitudes to population growth vary (变化) from country to country depending on the level of industrial development and the availability of food and raw materials. In the developing country where a vastly expanded population is pressing hard upon the limits of food, space and natural resources, the first concern of government with be to set a limit on the birthrate, whoever the final result may be. In a highly industrialized society the problem may be more complex (复杂的). A decreasing birthrate may lead to unemployment because it results in a declining market for manufactured goods (制成品). When the pressure of population on housing declines, prices also decline and building industry grows weaker. Faced with concerns such as these, the government of a developed country may well prefer to see a slowly increasing population, rather than one which is stable or in decline.

    1. The main topic of this article is ___________.

      1. environment protection

      2. population growth

      3. environment and economy

      4. climate changing

    2. The passage says that a small population may lead to __________.

      1. higher production, but a lower average income

      2. lower production and lower average income

      3. higher production and a higher average income

      4. lower production, but a higher average income

    3. According to the passage, the use of birth control perhaps is good for __________.

      1. a developing country.

      2. A developed country

      3. The whole world

      4. Each nation with a big population

    4. In a developed country, people will perhaps be unemployed if the birthrate ___________.

      1. goes up

      2. goes down

      3. remains stable

      4. is out of control

    5. The author is aiming to show that ___________.

      1. humans will run out of their food supply in the future

      2. it is necessary for humans to carry out a worldwide plan for birth control

      3. different nations have different views of population growth

      4. we need to take necessary measures to prevent the overuse of natural resources

         

        Passage 2

            Within about 50 million years, one of the mammals ( 哺乳动物) that live sin a marine environment, the whale (), has developed into the largest of all animal forms. However, at least for the last 150 years, trouble has closed in on whales from humans.

            Whales have been hunted since about the eleventh century. Certain types of whales have been hunted too much. Recently, their number has been reduced so greatly that they are in danger of becoming extinct (灭绝的). People are worried about the fact that the number of whales is getting smaller and smaller. They are working to save them.

            There are reasons why people want to protect the whales. One reason is that whales help to keep a balance between plants and animals. People have been throwing their wastes into the oceans and seas, and these wastes increase the amount of salt in ocean and seawater. The increased salt helps some plants and some very small creatures to grow but these plants and small creatures are harmful to fish. However, whales are eating large numbers of plants and animals that grow in very salty water. In this way, whales are doing a good job as they keep the ocean water clean enough for the fish. In addition, because fish supply necessary food for many people, whales become our good friends which we want to save.

            Some people are now working to save whales by using the law. They hold meetings to ask fishermen to reduce the number of whales which can be killed in a year. They also work within countries to persuade law makers to make whaling against the law and to make the use of whale products against the law too.

            Now this struggle to save whales is going on in many places in the world. Some governments will not let people sell whale products in their countries. Other governments have changed the law about whaling. Many people believe that sine the number of whales is regarded as a serious world problem, the remaining whales will be saved.

    6. The passage mainly discussed ______________.

      1. the protection of whales

      2. the strange behaviours of whales

      3. the mysterious life of whales

      4. the advantages of too many whales

    7. From the passage we know that during the last 150 years humans have __________.

      1. returned to nature

      2. learned how to swim

      3. threatened the existence of some marine mammals

      4. begun to harvest certain plants from the ocean as food

    8. According to the passage, certain kinds of whales will soon ________.

      1. kill most of the plants and small creatures

      2. find some other places to live in

      3. die out

      4. die from pollution

    9. Salt in the oceans usually _________.

      1. decreases the plants which are harmful to fish

      2. gets rid of harmful plants and creatures

      3. removes the wastes thrown into them

      4. increase the plants and small creatures that do harm to fish

    10. Whales are helpful to humans because __________.

      1. they eat a large quantity of plants and creatures harmful to fish

      2. they make the oceans more and more salty

      3. they often save sailors lost in a storm

      4. they can communicate with humans

         

        Unit 3

        I. Complete each of the following sentences with the proper form of the word given in brackets.

        1. (tolerate)        If you take a drug regularly, your body slowly acquires a __________ of it.

        2. (hatred)         He ________ them because they made him feel insecure.

        3. (compatible)    The partners were too ________ to stay in business together.

        4. (expect)          Those who drop out of school must lower their _____ of success.

        5. (resist)        By determined attacks they broke down the enemys _____.

        6. (charming)     He was so angry that he did not notice the ________ of the beautiful countryside.

        7. (indicate)        She gave no ___________ as to where the various elements for tea were to be found.

        8. (racial)           The courts majority held that the University of Californias medical school went too far in considering_________.

        9. (subsequently)   We made plans for a visit, but ________ difficulties with the car prevented it.

        10. (suspect)        Nothing could be proved against him, but he always remained under _________.

         

        II. Reading comprehension

        Passage 1

            We have saved as a final set of emotions (情感) the two most important emotions connected with other people: love and its opposite, hate. Love can be seen everywhere. Yet surprisingly, love has been the subject of less scientific research than other emotions, such as anger and fear. The reason for this may be twofold. First, love is a very complex (复杂) emotion, difficult to describe and measure. Secondly, unlike many radical emotions, radical love is generally not a problem; thus les medical attention has been paid to it.

            What is love? This is a complex question and requires a complex answer. Love is a strong, positive attraction and feeling for another person or thing. But it is more than this. It also involves feeling of caring, protection, excitement, and tenderness (温和). When two people are in love, they feel drawn to one another; they greatly enjoy each others company; and they may be sexually attracted to one another.

          Sometimes it is easier to think in terms of different kinds of love: romantic love, brotherly love, and so forth. Though they are different in some respects, they share one important characteristic: a strong positive feeling toward another.

        Our feelings toward other people are often complex. We may love someone and, at the same time, be angry with him. Or we may love someone, even though we are jealous of him. We might even love someone and, a the same time, hate for some precise reason.

            Hate is a strong negative emotion toward someone, and is due to anger, jealousy, or some other factor. Like love, hate can be a very strong emotion. It can also be very dangerous. The question is often asked, Is it bad to hate? The best answer is probably “sometimes yes and sometimes no. Usually hate does not help us; it makes us feel unhappy and makes us do things that may hurt others. However, sometimes it may be necessary to hate and hurt someone in order to protect loved ones.

    1. The word saved in the first sentence of this passage means _____.

      A. left      B. relaxed     C. set free     D. kept up

      2. Love is a lasting, strong, positive attraction and feeling for another person or thing, the very opposite emotion of which is ________.

        A. anger     B. fear     C. jealousy     D. hate

      3. Which characteristic is shared by different kinds of love?

        A. A strong negative emotion toward someone.

        B. A strong positive feeling toward another.

        C. Unhappy feeling toward someone.

        D. Jealous feeling toward someone.

      4. According to the passage, hate is caused by __________.

        A. anger, jealousy or some other factors

        B. anger, danger and hurt

        C. caring, protection, excitement and tenderness

        D. complex, strong positive emotion

      5. Which of the following is true?

        A. Love has been the subject of less scientific research because it is too simple an emotion.

        B. Radical love is so difficult to describe and measure that less medical attention has been paid to it.

        C. To hate is always too bad.

        D. We can have at the same time two opposite feelings for another.

       

      Passage 2

          We have saved as a final set of emotions, the two most important emotions connected with other people: love and its opposite, hate. Love can be seen everywhere. Yet surprisingly, love has been the subject of less scientific research than other emotions, such as anger and fear. The reason for this may be twofold. First, love is a very complex emotion, difficult to describe and measure. Secondly; unlike many radical emotions, radical love is generally not a problem; thus less medical attention has been paid to it.

           What is love? This is a complex question and requires a complex answer. Love is a strong, positive attraction and feeling for another person or thing. But it is more than this. It also involves feelings of caring, protection, excitement, and tenderness. When two people are in love they feel drawn to one another, they grealy enjoy each others company, and they may be sexually attracted to one another.

          Sometimes it is easier to think in terms of different kinds of love: romantic love, brotherly love, and so forth. Though they are different in some respects, they share one important characteristic: a strong positive feeling toward another.

          Our feelings toward toher people are often complex. We may love someone and. At the same time, be angry with him. Or we may love someone, even though we are jealous of him. We might even love someone and, at tha same time, hate him for the same precise reason.

      Hate is a strong negative emotion toward someone, and is due to anger, jealousy, or some other factors. Like love, hate can be a very strong emotion. It can also be very dangerous. The question is often asked, Is it bad to hate? The best answer is probably Sometimes yes and sometimes no. Usually hate does not help us; it makes us feel unhappy and makes us do things that may hurt others. However, sometimes it may be necessary to hate and hurt someone in order to protect loved ones.

    2. Love is a feeling that is the opposite of _______________.

      A. anger      B. fear      C. jealously     D. hate

      2. Why doesnt scientific research pay attention to love?

        A. Because love is very complex.

        B. Because radical love is dangerous.

        C. Because love is not important.

        D. Because love is very rare.

      3. Which characteristic is shared by different kinds of love?

        A. A strong negative emotion toward someone.

        B. A strong positive feeling toward another.

        C. A strong respectiful feeling toward another.

        D. A strong jealous feeling toward someone.

      4. According to the passage, hate is caused by ____________.

        A. anger, jealously or some other factors

        B. fear, danger and hurt

        C. caring, protection, excitement and tenderness

        D. complex, strong positive emotions

      5. We might need hate, because it can help us ________.

        A. be strong             B. understand love for others

        C. protect ourselves       D. defend others

       

      Unit 4

      I. Complete each of the following sentences with the proper form of the word given in brackets.

      1. (resist)        Any policy that creates unemployment is likely to meet with strong ___________.

      2. (compress)     Thanks to developments in _________ technology, video images can now be sent through the telephone line.

      3. (connection)    You must accept the fact that you are older than you used to be, and even though you feel wonderful, your muscles, bones, and _________ tissue are not as elastic and strong as they were.

      4. (forbid)        This was a ________ area for foreigners but it is open to any foreign visitors now.

      5. (nourish)       The centre is open throughout the year, to ensure that homeless people can get at least one hot, ______ meal a day.

      6. (reluctant)       Lucy was not happy as she sensed her husbands great __________ to give reasons for what he had done and where he had been to.

      7. (stain)          Strong demand for __________ steel is expected to lead to higher prices.

      8. (product)        Steel __________ has decreased by 34 percent as demand has decreased.

      9. (precision)       Its difficult to be ________ about the number of deaths caused by smoking.

      10. (prosperity)     Although these were _____________ years, the income of average individuals increased by only about 1 percent.

       

      II. Reading comprehension

      Passage 1

      One of the strongest reasons or the raising of the school leaving age (ROSLA) has been that it will bring us nearer to the ideal of equal opportunity.

         Many people like to think of our present system of schooling as providing plenty of steps up the ladder of success for clever children. It would be good to think that no one who is really bright can be missed out when the state system is apparently so thorough. It is obvious, for instance, that many children from less rich homes reach university or do well in other ways.

      Unfortunately, we now have plenty of evidence that many children of every level of ability do much less well than they could. For instance, during the years of national military service it was possible to test the intelligence (智力) of all male 1820 year olds. Half of those soldiers who were placed in the two highest ability groups had left schools at 15.

          It has also been shown that he percentage of working class children going to university is almost the same now as it was in 1939. one study of 5000 children from birth to 21 years old indicated that up to half the bright pupils from workings class homes left school when they reached 16 years old. Moreover, there is no difference in intelligence between the sexes, but far more boys than girls stay in education after 16.

      It is clear from this and much other evidence that many children are still leaving school too early to benefit from the prizes money, social respectability, and interesting jobs, which higher education gives. It is clear too that the reasons why such children leave have much to do with their social circumstances (情形). Their parents often need the extra money another wage-earner can bring in; they do not value education for itself because their own was probably dull and unhappy. It is not so much that they force their sons and daughters to leave school, rather that they tend to say, Its up to you.

    1. It is hoped that ROSLA will give all children __________.

      1. a more enjoyable time at school

      2. the same chances in society

      3. the right to a better school

      4. higher scores in intelligence tests

    2. People would like to think that __________.

      1. equal numbers of poor and rich children reach university

      2. those with the least money get the best education

      3. intelligent children are always chosen by the system

      4. only clever children do well

    3. Working class children are felt to be at a disadvantage because _________.

      1. many of the clever ones leave school early

      2. fewer go to university than ever before

      3. more than half leave school when they are 16

      4. fewer boys than girls stay at school after 16

    4. Many children leave school early because ___________.

      1. their social circumstances make them unhappy

      2. they have to work to support their familys income

      3. their school is a dull and unhappy place

      4. their parents dont allow them to make their own decisions

    5. This article shows that equal opportunity in education _________.

      1. is a thing of the past

      2. has not yet been achieved

      3. is there for those who merit it

      4. has greatly improved our society

         

        Passage 2

            One of the most interesting paradoxes in America today is that Harvard University, the oldest university of higher learning in the United States, is now engaged in a serious discussion about what a university should be, and whether it is measuring up.

            Should Harvardor any other university be an intellectual sanctuary (圣地), apart from the political and social revolution of the age, or should it be a laboratory for experimenting with these political and social revolutions; or even an engine of the revolution?

           This issue was defined several years ago by Walter Lippmann, a famous Harvard graduate:

        If the universities are to do their work, he said, they must be independent and they must be disinterested (公正) They are places to which men can turn for judgments which are fair. Obviously, the moment the universities fall under political control, or under the control of private interests, or the moment they themselves take a hand in political affairs and leading positions in government, their value as independent as disinterested sources of judgment is weakened…”

            This is part of the discussion that is going on at Harvard today. Another part is the discussion of the militant (激进的) and even many conservative students that a university is the keeper of our ideals and morals, and should not be disinterested but active in bringing the nations ideals and actions together.

            Harvards men of today seem more troubled and less sure about personal, political and study purposes than they did at the beginning. They are not even clear about how they should discuss and resolve their problem, but they are struggling with them privately, and how they come out is sure to influence American university and political life.

    6. According to Walter Lippman, a university must ___________.

      1. depend on the government

      2. take active part in political affairs and social issues

      3. fall under the control f special and private interests

      4. remain independent of our society

    7. Those who disagree with Walter Lippmann argue that a university should ____________.

      1. be engaged in a serious discussion on the role it plays in the society

      2. support our old and established universities

      3. take an active part in solving societys problems

      4. not be interested in social revolutions

    8. In regard to their goals and purposes in life, Harvard men of today are becoming _________.

      1. more sure about them

      2. less sure about them

      3. less interested in them

      4. completely lost

    9. The word paradoxes underlined in the first sentence of this passage means _________.

      A. a difficult problem

      B. an out-of-the-ordinary condition

      C. a self-contradiction (矛盾)

      D. an unusual situation

      5. According to the writer, the discussion going on at Harvard ______.

        A. will soon be over

        B. will have no result

        C. will influence future life in America

        D. will cause little influence on other universities

       

      Unit 5

      I. Complete each of the following sentences with the proper form of the word given in brackets.

      1. (notice)        His clothes were simple and _______.

      2. (advertise)     He decided to go and look at some ________ for jobs.

      3. (hard)         Life in the mountains _______ me until I felt no fear or weakness in mind or body.

      4. (fashion)       Its _________ to go to the seaside for your holidays.

      5. (use)          We tried all sorts of medicine but they were all _____________.

      6. (poison)        Some plants have ________ roots or fruit, so you must be very careful before you eat the fruit in the forest.

      7. (usual)         It was not __________ for him to come home at  six or seven in the morning when he was on duty at night.

      8. (world)         He was several years older than his brother, _______ and independent.

      9. (help)         She repeated his name ________, too shocked to say more.

      10. (weak)        lack of food _________ his strength.

       

      II. Reading comprehension

      Passage 1

          Life really should be one long journey of joy for children who are born with a world of wealth at their tiny feet. But experts on psychological research now believe that silver spoons can leave a bitter taste. If suicide statistics are a sign of happiness, then the rich are a miserable lot. Figures show that it is the rich who most often do away with themselves.

          Dr. Robert Coles, an internationally famous doctor, is the worlds top expert on the influence of money on children. He has written a well-received book on the subject, The Privileged (享有特权的)Ones, and his research shows that too much money in the family can cause as many problems as too little. Obviously there are certain advantages to being rich, says the 53-year-old doctor, such as better health, education and future work expectation. But most important is the quality o family life. Money cant buy love.

          It can buy a lot of other things, though, and thats where the trouble starts. Rich kids have so much to choose from that they often become confused. Their parents over favoring can make them spoiled. They tend to travel more than other children, from home to home and country to country, which often makes them feel restless.

      But privileged children do have a better sense of their positions in the world, adds Mr. Coles, and they are more self-assured.

          Todays rich parents perhaps have realized that their riches can be more of a burden (负担) than a favor to their children. So their priority (优先考虑的事) is to ensure that their families are as rich in love as they are in money.

    1. According to the passage, children of rich families ____________.

      1. enjoy traveling

      2. can buy love

      3. usually commit suicide

      4. are not always happy

    2. Dr. Robert Coles believes that ___________.

      1. being rich has as many advantages as being poor

      2. rich children often get too little entertainment

      3. rich children sometimes cant enjoy the thing they are most in need of

      4. rich children arent given enough things

    3. Which of the following statements is not true according to the passage?

      1. It is love that is always lacking in rich and poor families alike.

      2. Silver spoons can sometimes leave a bitter taste.

      3. Money cant buy everything.

      4. Rich children are often confused because they have so much to choose from.

    4. The expression silver spoons in Paragraph 1 means _______.

      1. very expensive spoons  

      2. rich people

      3. wealth

      4. spoons made of silver

    5. This article is written mainly to tell readers that ___________.

      1. the rich are more likely to do away with themselves

      2. money can bring a lot of things, including love

      3. life is always happy for children of rich parents

      4. rich parents should realize what is important in the family is love rather than money

         

        Passage 2

            Do parents owe their children anything? Yes, they owe them a great deal.

           One of their chief duties is to give their children a sense of personal worth, for self-esteem (自尊心) is the basis of a good mental health. A youngster who is often made to feel stupid, often compared to brighter brothers, sisters, r cousins, will not feel confident and become so afraid of failing, that he (or she) wont try at all. Of course, they should be corrected when they do wrong; this is the way children learn. But the criticisms should be balanced with praises.

            Parents owe their children firm guidance and consistent discipline. It is frightening for a youngster to feel that he is in charge of himself; it’s like being in a car without brakes (刹车). The parent who says No when other parents say Yes sends a double message. He is also saying:I love you, and I am ready to risk your anger, because I dont want you to get into trouble.

            Parents owe their children a comfortable feeling about their body, and enough information about sex to balance the wrong information that they will surely receive from their friends.

            Parents owe their children privacy (隐私权) and respect for their personal things. This means not borrowing things without being permitted, not reading diaries and mail, not looking through pockets. If a mother feels that she must read her daughters diary to know what is going on, the communication between them must be pretty bad.

            Parents own their children a set of solid values around which to build their lives. This means teaching them to respect the rights and opinions of others; it means respecting elders, teachers, and the law. The best way to teach much values is by example. A child who is lied to will lie. A child who sees his parents steal tools from the factory or towels from a hotel will think that it is all right to steal. A youngster who sees no laughter and no love in the home will have a difficult time laughing and loving.

            No child asks to be born. If you bring a life into the world, you owe the child something. And if you give him his due, hell have something of value to pass along t your grandchildren.

    6. According to the passage, parents owe their children the following things except ___________.

      1. cars

      2. privacy

      3. respect of self

      4. information about their body

    7. The writer thinks that teenagers are frightened when they are in charge of themselves because __________.

      1. they dont know how to stop a car without brakes

      2. there is no one to guide and discipline them

      3. they are afraid of being left alone

      4. there is no one to ask for help when in trouble

    8. Which of the following ways is advised for parents to show love to their children?

      1. Saying Yes to everything the children ask for.

      2. Never embracing older children.

      3. Refusing something to their children.

      4. Never criticizing children

    9. The word due in the last paragraph means __________.

      1. something one should do or finish before a fixed time

      2. reasonable explanation(s) or plan(s)

      3. what must be given to someone because it is right or owing

      4. the money to be paid

    10. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?

      1. Parent prefer to let their children be in charge of their own lives at an early age.

      2. Children learn much by seeing what their parents do.

      3. Children shouldn’t be corrected because it destroys their self-esteem.

      4. It is better to compare a youngster to his brighter because it makes him try harder.

         

        Unit 6

        I. Complete each of the following sentences with the proper form of the word given in brackets.

        1. (thought)      He was __________ for a while and then answered.

        2. (define)       In this dictionary, the _________ of frequent is found or happening often; repeated many times.

        3. (objective)     he hoped I would write ________ about the United States.

        4. (impress)      The general was a very _________ man.

        5. (approval)     When I told her our plan, she shook her head in __________.

        6. (apply)        The manager received twenty ______ for the post.

        7. (confident)     I have _________ in my youth and energy.

        8. (determine)     If she had more ________, she could be a success at anything.

        9. (attraction)     Harbin can look very _________ at this time of the year.

        10. (natural)      They stood talking together as easily and ________ as could be.

         

        II. Reading comprehension

        Passage 1

           Each Indian (印第安人) was supposed to keep his birth name until he was old enough to earn one for himself. But his playmates (游戏伙伴) would always give him a name of their own. No matter what his parents called him, his childhood friends would use the name they had chosen. Often it was not pleasing, such as Bow Legs or Bad Boy. But sometimes a name fit so well that the youngster found it difficult to shake it off. If he could not earn a better one from a war later, he could be stuck with a name like Bow Legs for the rest of his life.

            The Indian earned his real name when he was old enough for his first fight against the enemy. His life name depended on how he acted during this first battle. When he returned from the war, the whole tribe would gather and observe the ceremony in which he would be given his name by the chief. If he had done well, he would get a good name. otherwise he might be called Crazy Wolf or Man-Afraid-of-a-Horse. So an Indians name told his record or described the kind of man he was.

            A man was given many chances to improve his name, however. If in a later battle he was brave in fighting against the enemy, he was given a better name. Some of our great fighters had as many as twelve namesall good and each better than the last.

            An Indians names belonged to him for the rest of his life. No one else could use them. Even he himself could not give them away because names were assigned by the tribe, not the family. So no man  could pass on his name unless the chief and the tribe asked him to do so.

           Sometimes an Indian would be asked to give his name to a son who had performed a noticeable deed. I knew of only three of four times when this happened. It is the rarest honor for a personthe honor of assuming his fathers name.

    1. Names were important to an Indian because __________.

      1. they were given by the chief of the tribe

      2. they described the character of a man

      3. he got his names from the older generation

      4. names were earned in battle

    2. An Indian could be given the second name by __________.

      1. his father

      2. the enemy

      3. the chief of the tribe

      4. his childhood friends

    3. The greatest honor an Indian could earn was _________.

      1. a victory in his first battle against the enemy

      2. a name given by the chief

      3. a ceremony to get his real name

      4. the right to use his fathers name

    4. If an Indian had more than ten names, it meant that _________.

      1. many people in the tribe liked him

      2. he was a great fighter

      3. he had a lot of friends

      4. he had fought in fewer than ten battles

    5. Which of the following statements is not true according to the passage?

      1. The names given by the playmates of an Indian were usually not pleasant.

      2. The life name of an Indian was earned in battle.

      3. An Indian could throw away his birth name when he was old enough to earn one for himself.

      4. The Indians themselves were not allowed to give their names away.

         

        Passage 2

            What you give your relatives, friends, husband, or wife can help you know yourself better. Also, what they give you can tell you something aobut their personality. Most gift-giving (and getting) shows nothing more than the spirit of love and friendship. But it is possible to form some associations between the kinds of things bought and the people who buy them. Here is a guide to who gives what and why.

            The clothes you wear tell something about your personality. They tell the world not only how you want to be seen but how you see yourself as ell. When someone gives you something to wear that agrees with your self-image, theyre saying, I agree with you. I like you the way you are. Such a gift should be taken as a form of compliment. On the other hand a gift of clothing that does not match your personality could be an insult to your character.

            Making something by hand has become the exception in many countries todayso much so that giving a homemade gift is sometimes considered unusual. If you receive a homemade gift, youre lucky. It may not be made perfectly, but it will sho0w a certain quality of love. People who give homemade gifts may be said to be very generous. Theyve given time and emotion, two important characteristics of being creative.

            A person who thinks of food when thinking of a gift is a good xample of what human warmth means. Whether you give a box of chocolates, a bag of oranges, or a ball of cheese, all carry the same message of comfort and support.

        People who give books as gifts either like reading or would like everyone to think they do. If you happen to receive a large, heavy book, its giver may be much more interested in the way things appear than in the way they acturally are. Of course, reading is a way of feeling the emotions of another person and of learning new things. Giving a book can be a way of sharing a feeling or a newly leanred meaning. The giver is probably trying to say to you what the book said to him.

    6. The first paragraph is written mainly to tell readers that ________.

      1. gifts you give can help you understand yourself better

      2. gifts should be given when you know a persons personality

      3. gifts can show friendship and love between the giver and receiver

      4. gifts can tell you something about the person who gives them

    7. A person who likes the self-image of another person will give the latter _______________.

      1. beautiful clothes to compliment the receiver

      2. a gift that was made at home by the giver

      3. a gift that agrees with the personality of the receiver

      4. a gift that matches the character of the giver

    8. People are espec ially generous if they give __________.

      1. a thing not found in ones country

      2. an object that shows warmth

      3. something unusual

      4. gifts made by hand

    9. What kind of message is communicated by a gift of food?

      A. A supportive one.          B. A generous one.

      C. A creative one.             D. An unusual one.

      5. If you give a large book as a gift, rathe rthan a small one, it may show that _________.

        A. you enjoy reading very much and want the receiver to enjoy it too

        B. the receiver is interested in reading a large book of that sort

        C. you want to share with others a certain feeling or newly learned meaning

        D. you are more interested in the appearance of the book than in its contents

       

      Unit 7

      I. Complete each of the following sentences with the proper form of the word given in brackets.

      1. (perfect)       A __________ is someone who refuses to do or accept anything that is not perfect.

      2. (finance)       All the employees must work hard to cope with the present  _________. Difficulties in order to triumph over it in a short period of time.

      3. (prior)        They insist that the right to education take _____ over all other considerations because it will decide a nations future development.

      4. (depend)       Now that Jean has got a job, she is financially ________.

      5. (argue )        We should try to settle the problem by ________, not by conflict.

      6. (trouble)       Being short of money is a bit ________ but well try our best to finish the task without delay.

      7. (act)          When the sun comes out the flowers ________ by opening wide.

      8. (physiology)    Our teacher gave us a detailed and clear description about Pavlovs __________ theories.

      9. (politics)        You need to be a bit of a ________ to succeed in this company.

      10. (destroy)       He is very good at making _________ arguments against things, but he never offers any ideas of his own.

       

      II. Reading comprehension

      Passage 1

          Here are six questions about your approach to life. Try to answer them as honestly as you can.

          Are you hard driving and competitive?

          Are you usually pressed for time?

          Do you want to control others?

          Do you have a strong need to do better than others in most things?

          Do you eat too quickly?

          Do you get upset when you have to wait for anything?

      If you have answered yes to most of these questions, then I can make a few predictions (预测) about you, based on a recent eight-year study of nearly two thousand people who live the way that you do.

          You likely find that life is full of challenges and you often need to keep two or more projects moving at the same time. The chances are that you have been to college, that you have a management job and that you bring work home at night. You think that you put more effort into your job than many of the people you work with, and you certainly take your work more seriously than most of them. You get angry easily, and if someone is being long-winded (拐弯抹角的), you help them get to the point. You also have trouble finding the time to get your hair cut.

          And theres one other thing. You are about twice as likely to have a heart attack as someone who takes a more easygoing (心平气和的) approach to life.

          The beginnings of your hard-driving behavior go right back to childhood. In school you got recognition and perhaps prizes for being quick and bright, for being an achiever, for competing with others and for winning. You likely went on from school to get a series of increasingly better jobs against pretty stiff competition. They were jobs where you had to care about the results, where you constantly had to push things forward and get things done. In your present job you also feel some conflict, either with time or with other people. Some of those you work with dont seem able to understand the simplest ideas, and they often put of those you work with dont seem able to understand the simplest ideas, and they often put a brake (约束)on what youre trying to achieve. The conflict may not take place every day. You pride yourself on being able to keep the lid on. But its always there, under the surface.

    1. If your answers to above question are yes, you are likely to ____________.

      1. enjoy your food at dinner

      2. be good listeners

      3. wait a few seconds before answering a question

      4. have more chances to suffer from a heart attack

    2. It can be concluded from the last paragraph that this hard-driving character _________.

      1. has been developed since childhood

      2. may be changed by your experiences

      3. will place no influence on your work

      4. enables you to be a successful person

    3. Which of the following words is not appropriate to describe this type of people?

      1. Competitive.

      2. Nervous.

      3. Easygoing.

      4. Ambitious.

    4. What is implied in the last sentence?

      1. The lid will always remain in place.

      2. The conflict may occur any moment.

      3. The situation is always under your control.

      4. You are able to solve the problem.

    5. The main idea of the passage is _____________.

      1. why competitive people are more likely to succeed in their career

      2. how people can relax themselves

      3. why hard-driving people are likely to have a heart attack

      4. how personality affects your attitude toward life

         

        Passage 2

            The smart job-seeker needs to get rid of several standard myths, or untruths, about interviewing before starting to pound the pavement looking for a job. What follows is a list of some of these untruths and some tips to help you do your best at your next interview.

            Myth 1: The aim of interviewing is to obtain a job offer.

            Only half true. The real aim of an interview is to obtain the job you want. That often means rejecting job offers you dont want! Incompetent job-seekers, however, become so used to accommodating employers expectations that they often easily qualify for jobs they dont want. So, before you do backflips for an employer, be sure you want the job.

            Myth 2: Always please the interviewer.

            Not true. Try to please yourself. Giving answers that you think will suit a potential employer, losing touch with your own feelings ( in order to get in touch with some other persons feelings) and, in gneeral, practicing an awful policy of appeasement are certain to keep you from success and progress. Of course, dont be hostilenobody wants to hire someone hostile. But there is plainly a middle ground between being too ingratiating and being hostile. An effective interview (whether you are offered the job or not) is like an exciting encounter in conversation with your neighbor on an iarplane.

            Myth 3: Try to control the interview.

            Nobody xontrols an interviewneither you nor the intervieweralthough one or both parties often try. When somebody tries to control us, we resent it. When we try to control somebody, they resent us. Remember, you cant control what employers think of you, just as they cant control what you think of them. So hang loose when interviewing; never dominate the interview.

            Myth 4: Dont disagree with the interviewer.

            Another silly myth. If you dont disagree at times, you become, in effect, a yes man or woman. Dont be afraid to disagree with your interviewerin a pleasant and pleasing way. And dont hesitate to change your mind. The worst that could happen would be that the interviewer thinks, Theres a person with an open mind! The conventional wisdom saysbe yourself, which is true enough. But how many people can be themselves if they dont feel free to disagree?

    6. According to the writer, the aim for people to take part in an interview is ____________.

      1. to refuse a job offer

      2. to make themsevles happy

      3. to get the job they like

      4. to dominate the interview

    7. An effective interview should be one during which __________.

      1. both interviewer and interviewee try to please each other

      2. the job-seeker suceeds in living up to the expectation of the employer

      3. two sides have a good exchange of views

      4. the interviewee obtains the expected job offer

    8. If a job-seeker tries to control the interview, _________.

      1. he is going to win a job offer

      2. the interviewer will hire him

      3. both parties are satisfied with each other

      4. it is unlikely for him to attain his goal

    9. During an interview, its better for an interviewee to _________.

      1. make it so the interview is under his control

      2. be free and relax to talk with the interviewers

      3. do nothing but let the interviewers talk

      4. try to know what the employers are thinking about

    10. The main topic of the passage is __________.

      A. the way to think about and act in a job interview

        B. not to be respectiful of your interviewer

        C. that a good interview allows an interviewer to be himself

        D. why an interview can develop into an exciting conversation

       

      Unit 8

      I. Complete each of the following sentences with the proper form of the word given in brackets.

      1. (special)      He __________ first in painting birds and later in writing about them.

      2. (week)       The most recent issue of this ___________ magazine is full of stories about the newly-elected president.

      3. (residence)     The local _________ are very angry at the lack of parking spaces in the neighborhood.

      4. (occupy)       Since she was laid off from her work last May, she has accepted a poorly paid __________ because she has to support a family.

      5. (formal)       This is a(n) ____________ party. Please feel free and enjoy yourself.

      6. (art)           Because of the paintings ________ value, many people tried their best to sell it at a higher price.

      7. (human)      He has showed great interest in studying the ______ since his youth.

      8. (prefer)       We could take a later flight I fit would be ______.

      9. (wise)        people often gain __________ with age.

      10. (enroll)      __________ figures for next year are now available. Log on to the Internet and you will get further information.

       

      II. Reading comprehension

      Passage 1

         The chief purpose of work is not to produce things but to build the man. It is not so important what shape or form our work may take; what is vitally important is our attitude toward that work.

          Even if the particular duty is one which doesnt seem worth doing, if you must do it, it is important to do it right. Even if no one else will ever know whether you did it right or not, you will know. By making a commitment (承诺) to quality work, you make a commitment to yourself to develop your abilities and self-respect, to do the best you can do and be the best you can be. When you do as little as possible or just enough to get by, you are not merely cheating your employer, your customers, your clients, and your co-workers, but most importantly, you cheat yourself. You cheat yourself out of an opportunity to develop pride and self-worth. You cheat yourself out of an opportunity to meet a challenge and develop your own inner powers and abilities .You may be able to get away with cheating others, but you never get away with cheating yourself.

          Thus, the key is a commitment to yourself to use every possible opportunity for self-development and treat every work assignment, no matter how small or boring, as a challenge that can be sued in your development.

          Work is a projection (投影) of self. Consciousness (感觉,意识) can regard any job as a potential opportunity for self-expression, for play, for creativity, for the furtherance (推动) of social objectives, and it can arrange the factors in the job so that they form a means of self-expression.

         Most jobs contain at least some limited options for creativity. To the extent that any job can be done in different ways, the job presents you with an opportunity to project your unique abilities and values into that job. Any type of communication, written or spoken, presents a significant opportunity for creative expression. Even if your efforts are reviewed and must be toned down to fit into the mold (模型) of your organization, there is always a slight opening through which you can project your unique personality. Use these opportunities to express and confirm your existence.

    1. The most important thing about work is ___________.

      1. to produce things

      2. the shape ones work takes

      3. the amount of money it makes

      4. ones attitude towards the work

    2. If the work doesnt seem worth doing, you should __________.

      1. give it up

      2. tell others to do it

      3. stop in the middle

      4. perform it carefully

    3. What can work assignments offer people?

      1. An opportunity to develop oneself.

      2. A chance to get away with cheating themselves.

      3. Few options for creativity.

      4. A way to get rid of your unique personality.

    4. Which of the following statements is not true?

      1. Sometimes you have to adjust yourself to your work.

      2. There is space for you to show your creativity.

      3. Work must be done in one way in order to be the most efficient.

      4. You may never cheat yourself.

    5. The main idea of the passage is ___________.

      1. how to improve your creativity.

      2. the importance of projecting your values into your job

      3. when to express yourself

      4. how to change ones personality

         

        Passage 2

           The smart job-seeker needs to get rid of several standard myths (不实之事) about interviewing before starting to pound the pavement looking for a job. What follows is a list of some of these untruths and some tips to help you do your best at your next interview.

            Myth1: The aim of interviewing is to obtain a job offer

           Only half true. The real aim of an interview is to obtain the job you want. That often means rejecting job offers you dont want! Incompetent job-seekers, however, become so used to accommodating (适应) employers expectations that they often easily qualify for jobs they dont want. So, before you do back-flips for an employer, be sure you want the job.

            Myth 2: Always please the interviewer

            Not true. Try to please yourself. Giving answers that you think will suit a potential employer, losing touch with your own feelings (in order to get in touch with some other persons feelings) and, in general, practicing an awful policy of appeasement (姑息) are certain to keep you from success and progress. Of course, don’t be hostile—nobody wants to hire someone hostile. But there is plainly a middle ground between being too ingratiating (讨好的 ) and being hostile. An effective interview (whether you are offered the job or not) is like an exciting encounter in conversation with your neighbor on an airplane.

            Myth 3: Try to control the interview

            Nobody control an interviewneither you nor the interviewer although one or both parties often try. When somebody tries to control us, we resent it. When we try to control somebody, they resent us. Remember, you cant control what employers think of you, just as they cant control what you think of them. So hang lose when interviewing; never dominate the interview.

            Myth 4: Dont disagree with the interviewer

            Another silly myth. If you dont disagree at times, you become, in effect, a yes man or woman. Dont be afraid to disagree with your interviewer in a pleasant and pleasing way. And dont hesitate to change your mind. The worst that could happen would be that the interviewer thinks, Theres a person with an open mind! The conventional wisdom says be yourself, true enough. But how many people can be themselves if they don’t’ feel free to disagree?

    6. The word myth in the passage probably means _______.

      A . mystery

      B. Advantage

      C. Something false that most people believe is true

      D. anything different

      2. An effective interview should be one during which _________.

        A. both interviewer and interviewee try to praise each other

        B. the job-seeker succeeds in living up to the expectation of the employer

        C. two sides have a good exchange of views

        D. the interviewee obtains the expected job offer

      3. If a job-seeker tries to control the interview, __________.

       A. he is going to win a job offer

        B. the interviewer will hire him

        C. both parties are satisfied with each other

        D. it is unlikely for him to attain his goal

      4. All of the following statements are true except that _______.

        A. a good interview is like an exciting conversation

        B. a job-seeker should always agree with the interviewer

        C. one doesnt have to cater to (迎合) his interviewers taste

        D. it is important to be oneself during an interview

      5. The main idea of the passage is _______.

        A. the way to think about and act in a job interview

        B. dont be respectful of your interviewer

        C. a good interview allows an interviewer to be himself

        D. why an interview can develop into an exciting conversation

       

      Key to Exercises

      Unit 1

      I.

      1. pressure     2. restlessly     3. leisurely     4. surroundings  

      5. competent      6. increasingly     7. Skillful     8. arrival

      9. opening     10. passage

      II.

      1. (A) Cooking    2. (A) Having read     3. (B) perform

      4. (B) to be sleeping     5. (C) watching    6. (C) he delivered it

      7. (D) being done     8. (D)  typed

      III

      Passage 1

      1. A     2. D     3. C     4. B    5. C

      Passage 2

      1. B     2. A     3. C     4. C     5. D

      Unit 2

      I

      1. presence     2. promising      3. rebellious      4. sticky     5. unfair     6. persistence     7. indifference     8. missing     9. competitive     10. injuries

      II.

      1. (A) for preserving     2. (B) attracts

      3. (C) is               4. (C) rather than cut

      5. (C) would have had    6. (D) but also

      7. (C) to turn off         8. (D) prove

      III

      Passage 1

      1. B     2. D     3. A     4. B     5. C

      Passage 2

      1. A     2. C     3. C    4. D     5. A

       

      Unit 3

      I

      1. tolerance     2. hated     3. incompatible    4. expectation(s)

      5. resistance     6. charm     7. indication    8. race    

      9. subsequent     10. suspicion

      II

      Passage 1

      1. A     2. D     3. B     4. A      5. D

      Passage 2

      1. D     2. A    3. B     4. A    5. D

       

      Unit 4

      I

      1. resistance     2. compression    3. connective     4. forbidden    

      5. nourishing     6. reluctance     7. stainless     8. production

      9. precise     10. prosperous

      II

      Passage 1

      1. B     2. C     3. A     4. B     5. B

      Passage 2

      1. D     2. C     3. B     4. C     5. C

       

      Unit 5

      I

      1. unnoticeable     2. advertisements     3. hardened    

      4. fashionable     5. useless     6. poisonous     7. unusual     8. worldly     9. helplessly     10. weakened

      II

      Passage 1

      1. D     2. C     3. A     4. C     5. D

      Passage 2

      1. A    2. B     3. C     4. C     5. B

       

      Unit 6

      I

      1. thoughtful      2. definition     3. objectively     4. impressive

      5. disapproval     6. applications     7. confidence     8. determination

      9. attractive       10. naturally

      II.

      Passage 1

      1. B     2. D     3. D     4. B     5. C

      Passage 2

      1. D     2. C     3. D     4. A     5. D

       

      Unit 7

      I

      1. perfectionist     2. financial     3. priority     4. independent     5. argument      6. troublesome     7. react     8. physiological     9. politician     10. destructive

      II

      Passage 1

      1. D     2. A     3. C     4. B     5. D

      Passage 2

      1. D     2. B     3. D     4. C     5. A

      Unit 8

      I

      1. specialized     2. weekly     3. residents     4. occupation     5. informal     6. artistic     7. humanities     8. preferable     9. wisdom     10. Enrollment

      II

      Passage 1

      1. D     2. D     3. A     4. C     5. B

      Passage 2

      1. C     2. C     3. D     4. B     5. A

       


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